非传统网站的崛起与互联网政治

这篇文章对互联网上提供政治新闻的网站进行了深入研究。一些研究发现传统媒体的网站在互联网上占据主导地位,并且排挤那些表达独立观点的飞传统媒体网站,这伤害了互联网提供多元观点的能力(Blevins, 2001; Dahlberg, 2005; Introna & Nissenbaum, 2000)。其他研究显示了越来越多的网民开始使用非传统媒体网站 (Pew Research Center, 2009)。本项研究通过对2008年美国大选中政治信息的调查数据,去测量传统媒体网站和非传统媒体网站分别在多大程度上吸引了用户,并且测量,人口统计、政治利益、社会关系、等因素是否影响了用户使用网站的兴趣。研究发现,非传统媒体网站吸引用户注意力的成都和传统媒体网站基本相同。
This article updates and clarifies what is known about where political information is gathered online. Some studies have found that the online sites of traditional media companies dominate online interest and marginalize non-traditional sites that present independent views, which damages the Internet's ability to provide diverse viewpoints (Blevins, 2001; Dahlberg, 2005; Introna & Nissenbaum, 2000). Other research shows a trend toward more non-traditional site use (Pew Research Center, 2009). This study uses survey data from political information gatherers during the 2008 U.S. presidential campaign to measure how much traditional and non-traditional media sites dominated their attention and whether factors such as demographics, political interest, social ties, and use of offline media limited or contributed to that domination. The survey found that non-traditional sites controlled respondents' online attention as much as traditional media sites in terms of political information, and several factors contributed to accessing traditional and non-traditional media online.

【文章名称】:The Rise of Non-Traditional Site Use for Online Political Information
【文章来源】:Communication Quarterly Volume 59, Issue 5, 2011
【文章作者】:John H.Parmelee,John Davies,Carolyn A.McMahan
【文章链接】:http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01463373.2011.614211#preview
【文章下载】:http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/01463373.2011.614211


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