[参会情况]The twilight zone in China

The twilight zone in China:
When the polarized social capital in the real life meets the restructured social relations in the virtual world
Boxu Yang
School of Journalism & Communication
Peking University
http://www.looooker.com/

The Polarized Social Capital
Micro (Individual Level)
Very Low Ability to Interact with Strangers vs. Strong Solidarity among Friends
Human Capital/Face?
Guanxi: High Cost to Reach Strangers/Respect & the Respected
Low Social Capital beyond the “Little Box” , Low Ability to Reach Out

Macro (Collective Level)
Very Limited Imagination on the Future vs. Endless Desire to Be the Master
Cultural Capital/Hierarchy?
Guanxi: Birds of a Feather Flock Together
Struggle between the Rich and Poor/Winner Takes All & Regime Change
Polarized Social Capital

Social Capital & Social Relationships in China
Social Capital (Lin 2001)
The Evolution of Economic Capital & The Uncover of the Sig. of Social Capital
Social Capital: Social Investment (Material or Symbol), Embeddedness, Action for Gaining the Best Resources
Trust, Rules, Authorities, Closeness, & Exclusiveness
The Meaning of Weak Ties

Social Capital Polarized
Economic Property (Land) vs. Economic Capital
Zero-sum Game: Landlord vs. Poor Peasant
Institutional Determinism: Dictatorship vs. Democracy
Kinship Centered Network: One of Us vs. Outsider
Isolated Cliques: Polarized Social Capital

Guanxi & the Spirit of the Internet
Guanxi (Gold, et al. 2002)
Based Implicitly on Mutual Interest & Benefit
Have Affect or Sentiment
Instrumentalism: Converting Guanxi into Economic, Political or Symbolic Capital
Unequal: Favors, Gifts & Corruption
Based on Strong Ties

The Spirit of the Internet
Inclusiveness
Participation
Interaction
Freedom & Liberty
Equality
Sharing
Discussion
Open Sources
Creativity
Inter-net

The Implications of Social Capital and Internet Communication to the Chinese Society
Stimulate the Flow of Information (Google, SNS, BBS)
Be Part of Decision Making and Nurturing Trust (BBS)
Develop Social Credentials (SNS, BBS, Blog)
Enhance Identities & Reduce Dependency: Networked Individualism (SNS, BBS)
Gain Social Capital beyond Family Centered Networks
Break Down the Hierarchical System within a Social Network and the Polarization among Social Networks by Promoting Individual Efforts
No Social Capital, No Individual Autonomy


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