【硕士生成果】朱菂:互联网与社会关系——网络虚拟家庭研究

本文采用网络访谈的研究方法,从人们的认知的角度切入,对网络虚拟家庭现象进行了初步的探索。
  
摘要

网络正在改变人们的生活,并且越来越迅速,越来越全面的介入了普通中国人生活的方方面面。人们在网络上学习、工作、交友、恋爱、甚至成立家庭。网络虚拟家庭,即在网络虚拟空间中成立的“家庭”,近几年来开始在中国内地兴起并盛行。本文采用网络访谈的研究方法,从人们的认知的角度切入,对网络虚拟家庭现象进行了初步的探索。试图回答这样几个问题:人们建立网络虚拟家庭的动机是什么?人们如何理解他们和网络上的家庭伴侣之间的关系?人们怎么理解网络家庭与现实家庭之间的关系?从材料中发现,人们建立网络家庭的动机各有不同。有人是因为寂寞,有人在寻求一种感情的补偿,有人是为了追逐潮流,但共同点在于,发生在网络上的情感关系是他们成立虚拟家庭的一个核心的动机。人们与网络上的家庭伴侣之间的关系既有网络恋爱的元素,又有类似于现实家庭生活中夫妻感情的成分。既在某些方面体现出吉登斯所说的“纯粹关系”(pure relationship)的特质,又反映了现实家庭中情感功能的重要性的提升。这两者融合在当前中国的现实空间,一方面,体现了网络对人们交往方式以及人与人之间关系的改变和影响,另一方面,也是中国传统家庭婚恋观的变迁在网络上的某种表达。

【关键词】 虚拟家庭、网络情感、家庭变革、纯粹关系

The Internet and Social Relations: the Study of the Virtual Family On-line

Zhu Di(Public Communication)

Directed by Professor Yang Boxu

Abstract

The virtual family on-line is popular in recent China. Many people had built virtual family in mud games or in virtual society in the net world, which brings many discuss. This paper want to explore why people like to built their virtual family on network? How people understand their life in virtual family? How people understand the relationship between him and his wife on the net (or husband)? What is the interaction of their virtual family and real family? This study finds “digital Eros” is the primary motivation for people to built virtual family; The relation between virtual couples is some kinds of “pure relationship”. It is difficult for people to balance virtual world and real world. Other while, the change of the family itself and the idea of family and marriage in China is the key which can help us understand the virtual family.


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