社交媒体加深数字鸿沟

【社交媒体加深数字鸿沟】在线内容创造者(如分享自己的艺术作品、照片、文字故事或视频等的用户)主要来自特权阶级/精英,他们较为年轻,受教育程度较高,收入较高,因此网络上的信息主要基于他们感兴趣或者与他们利益相关的内容。因此1.网络不是填平了数字鸿沟,而是加深了。弱势群体很难在网上有效发声;2.网络上的内容具有一定的偏向性,并不能将其简单的视为“民意”的表达。3.需要鼓励和帮助弱势群体利用网络分享内容,构建社会资本,影响社会舆论,甚至促成政策改变。

 

Are We All Online Content Creators Now? Web 2.0 and Digital Divides

作者:David R. Brake

digital divide 2

摘要:Despite considerable interest in online content creation there has been comparatively little academic analysis of the distribution of such practices, both globally and among social groups within countries. Drawing on theoretical frameworks used in digital divide studies, I outline differences in motivation, access, skills, and usage that appear to underlie and perpetuate differences in online content creation practices between social groups. This paper brings together existing studies and new analyses of existing survey datasets. Together they suggest online content creators tend to be from relatively privileged groups and the content of online services based on their contributions may be biased towards what is most interesting or relevant to them. Some implications of these findings for policymakers and researchers are considered.

Key words: Prosumer, produser, digital divide, participation divide, convergence culture, digital literacy, creativity, web 2.0, Wikipedia, self expression, citizen journalism.

 

来源:Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 19 (2014) 591–609


1 条评论

  1. zhangwenyuan说道:

    感谢分享,http://weibo.com/1711479641/B13Zk6v42?mod=weibotime



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