#研究分享#【Katz主要著作】

#研究分享#【卡茨主要著作】1.Personal Influence;2.Bureaucracy and the Public,当局与新移民之间的沟通问题,涉及跨文化传播;3.Secularization of Leisure--Communication and culture in Israel,展示如何形成身份认同;4.Media events;5.End of Television#卡茨退休演讲#http://www.looooker.com/?p=8010

 

 

My part in Personal Influence and the study of how innovations spread led next to
a study of how fluoridation spread in the United States, where the unit of adoption was no longer an individual but a municipality.

In the late `50s, the new nation was almost overwhelmed by the
influx of new immigrants. Many of them, especially those from traditional societies, had to make their way into the new society via bureaucracies staffed by Eastern Europeans who had themselves migrated not so long before. Thus, together with almost all social scientists working in Israel, I became interested in immigrant absorption in problems of communication between bureaucracy and new immigrants, and in the implicit problems of intercultural communication. Collaborating with Brenda Danet who, like me, came to Jerusalem from Chicago, we studied such things as passengers bargaining with bus drivers over the fare, interactions with doctors at well-baby clinics, appeals to the customs authorities and the "reasons" that accompanied them. Later, we applied this same kind of discourse analysis to prayers that offer reasons to God in asking for favors. These studies, plus related work by others, are incorporated in our book, Bureaucracy and the Public.

The next big knot in this thread is Katz and Gurevitch's Secularization of Leisure subtitled Communication and Culture in Israel. It was an effort to show how the forms (more than the religious content) of traditions一such as the Sabbath, holidays, book reading, etc.are enlisted to provide identity一to connect past and present, and the myriad ethnicities that have cometogether.

The other project, best known of all, is Media Events. It analyzes the characteristics of a television genre that demands attention, almost as a religious ceremony. Dayan and Katz call it "the live broadcasting of history." This, too, I believe, represents the new Katz with a broader institutional perspective, a brilliant partner, and a great reviewer. The genre embodies the kind of "powerful effect" (in the short-run) for which we have been searching, an experience that calls whole nations, sometimes the world, to attention, one that overcomes selectivity and energizes social networks.

In reviewing work on television and its effects, limited and powerful, I concluded一in the volume with Scannell on the End of Television一that the major effect of broadcasting was to move politics "inside," that is, off the streets and into the home. This had the consequence of both connecting viewers to worlds far outside themselves, but at the same time neutralizing their participation.


1 条评论

  1. zhangye说道:

    感谢分享!http://weibo.com/1711479641/AB5fZnYmF?ref=



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