#科技头条20140314#

#科技头条#【比尔盖茨:人们没有意识到大量工作将被机器人代替】比尔盖茨认为,劳动力市场正发生巨大的变化,而人们还没有意识到。从现在开始的20年,对技能劳动力的需求将大幅降低。无论是司机和服务员或护士……今后都将由软件替代。

Bill Gates: People Don't Realize How Many Jobs Will Soon Be Replaced By Software Bots

http://www.businessinsider.com/bill-gates-bots-are-taking-away-jobs-2014-3

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Big changes are coming to the labor market that people and governments aren't prepared for, Bill Gates believes.

 

Speaking at Washington, D.C., economic think tank The American Enterprise Institute on Thursday, Gates said than within 20 years, a lot of jobs will go away, replaced by software automation ("bots" in tech slang, though Gates used the term "software substitution").

This what he said:

"Software substitution, whether it's for drivers or waiters or nurses … it's progressing. ...  Technology over time will reduce demand for jobs, particularly at the lower end of skill set. ...  20 years from now, labor demand for lots of skill sets will be substantially lower. I don’t think people have that in their mental model."

He's not the only one predicting this gloomy scenario for workers. In January, the Economist ran a big profile naming over a dozen jobs sure to be taken over by robots in the next 20 years, including telemarketers, accountants and retail workers.

Gates believes that the tax codes are going to need to change to encourage companies to hire employees, including, perhaps, eliminating income and payroll taxes altogether. He's also not a fan of raising the minimum wage, fearing that it will discourage employers from hiring workers in the very categories of jobs that are most threatened by automation.

He explained:

"When people say we should raise the minimum wage. I worry about what that does to job creation ... potentially damping demand in the part of the labor spectrum that I’m most worried about."

 


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