在线教育的优劣势

#研究分享#【在线教育的优劣势】1、优势:具有随时随地学习的便利;单位成本低;消弭了地理障碍;服务于多元化人群;互动成本低且反馈高效;易于监控质量;为实现社会包容性增长提供机会;环境友好型无纸化学习过程;缩减入学率上的城乡和性别不平等;提供更易于理解的多媒体学习资源;2、劣势:缺乏统一的评价方法和认证体系;教学人员如不改变态度和动机,单纯依靠ICTs无法提升教育质量;缺乏与网络学习相配套的学习资源。

【文章全文】ONLINE EDUCATION OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES

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ABSTRACT

The paper explores the opportunities and challenges in providing online education. The revolution in telecom sector, growing demand of higher education, low gross enrollment ratio (GER) create the need to find alternative delivery mechanism to improve GER and provide skill enhancement to one of the largest population of young people (704 million, according to Euro Monitor 2012) in the world. National Mission on Education through ICT (NMICT) is a step in the right direction. But the scale of the services and courses is a cause of concern. The ministry of HRD has also initiated project Aakash in collaboration with IIT. Several state governments have promised laptops/tablets to the school pass outs to secure their victory in elections. The opportunity is realized by all concerned, but there is no dedicated effort to take the initiatives beyond the populist measures and convert the advantages of ICT into concrete results in terms of improvement in GER or skill enhancement. The regulatory framework is not yet ready to provide accreditation support to these initiatives. The paper concludes with recommendations to convert the opportunity into a success story for skill enhancement to ensure demographic dividend.

KEYWORDS: Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER), Aakash, Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

5. Strengths of Online Education:

1. Wide Reach

2. Enhances the speed of delivery by reducing dependence on physical infrastructure for imparting education.

3. Provides convenience of any time anywhere learning.

4. Low per unit cost.

5. Eliminates geographical barriers.

6. Ability to serve diverse population.

7. Provides low cost of interaction and faster feedback.

8. Easy to monitor quality. The content can be assessed by competent authority and can ensure uniformity in maintaining quality standards across the spectrum of study programs.

9. Online Education has the opportunity to ensure inclusive growth of all sections of society. ICT training in schools motivated the youth in Assam, thereby reducing militancy.

10. Online Education promotes paperless learning process and thus is environment friendly.

11. Online Education can reduce the urban-rural and male-female disparity in enrollment ratios.

12. Provides learning resources in multimedia format for better understanding.

13. Provides flexibility to offer new subjects not offered in traditional system. The initial data from Coursera indicate that the reason most students enroll in MOOCs is because their universities do not offer the courses in question (Economic times, 2012)

 

6. Weaknesses of Online Education:

1. Trainers and teachers need training on the implementation of ICTs in the education.

2. Lack of uniform assessment methodologies and certification.

3. Quality of education in schools can be enhanced, by changing the attitude of teachers, students and parents towards education. ICTs cannot enhance the quality without change in the attitude and motivation of the faculties.

4. In many states, it has happened that computers are lying unused. In many cases, computers set up in schools have been stolen.

5. There is lack of uniformity in policy on use of ICTs in education. The policy arrangement differs from state to state since they are free to do it their own way, which makes large variations in implementation. It reduces the confidence and interest of private players in deciding their role and participation in this movement.

6. Lack of learning material compatible for online learning in India, is a challenging task for the service providers.

【文章作者】RAJESH TIWARI; DR. BIMAL ANJUM

【文章来源】GALAXY International Interdisciplinary Research Journal________________________ ISSN 2347-6915 GIIRJ, Vol.1 (1), NOVEMBER (2013)


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