【#科技头条#20131210】

#科技头条#【小心! 照相手机会导致“失忆”】你是否经常使用手机进行拍照?研究发现,经常使用手机拍照的人会更容易忘记照片中的内容。这种现象被称为“摄影损伤效应”——同时看见某一事物的两人,未拍照者往往印象更深刻。小伙伴们,赶紧放下手机,用心记住生活!(Mail Online)

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2520743/Want-remember-event-DONT-photos-Study-finds-using-camera-stops-brains-recalling-crucial-details.html

 

article-2520743-19FB06F800000578-148_634x399

 

Taking a photo may seem like the most obvious way to remember a special occasion, but it could in fact be causing significant damage to your memory.

Researchers from Connecticut asked a group of students to recall what items in a museum looked like.

Those who had taken photos of the artefacts struggled to describe the objects, while those who hadn’t, remembered them more clearly.

Dr Linda Henkel, from Fairfield University, who ran the study, calls this phenomenon ‘photo-taking impairment effect’.

Dr Henkel is currently investigating whether the content of a photo, such as whether a person is in it, for example, affects memory.

Some cases, for example, have found people think they remember a certain event, such as a childhood party, but may be confusing actual memories with memories from a photograph.

To test this, Dr Henkel led a group of university students on a tour of an art museum in Connecticut.

Participants were asked to either photograph items as they walked around the museum, or told to remember certain objects.

Participants were directed to take pictures of particular objects while ignoring others and the next day their memory was tested.

Following the tests, data showed people were less accurate in recognising the objects they had photographed compared to those they had only looked at. Furthermore, their memory of detail for the objects they had photographed was poorer.

If participants took a photo of each object as a whole, they remembered fewer objects and remembered fewer details about the objects, including their locations within the museum.

The researchers claim the findings highlight key differences between a person’s memory and the camera’s ‘memory’.

Dr Henkel said: ‘People so often whip out their cameras almost mindlessly to capture a moment, to the point that they are missing what is happening right in front of them.

‘When people rely on technology to remember for them - counting on the camera to record the event and thus not needing to attend to it fully themselves - it can have a negative impact on how well they remember their experiences.’

‘Research has suggested that the sheer volume and lack of organisation of digital photos for personal memories discourages many people from accessing and reminiscing about them.

‘In order to remember, we have to access and interact with the photos, rather than just amass them,’ said Dr Henkel.

 


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