#研究分享#中国ICT研究

#研究分享#【中国ICTs研究发展趋势】中国国内和全球来看,关于中国ICT的研究的出版文章在近些年呈不断增长趋势。具体而言,有两个快速发展的阶段,一个是90年代晚期,另一个是05-06年,但同时在2000-2005年有一个相对的衰落期。这个衰落期与2000年出现的互联网泡沫和亚洲金融危机有关。但是同时尽管2000年到2005年期间总体的文章数量滑落,一些特殊的主题,如电子政务和电子政府等真正如雨后春笋般成长起来。这是在此期间中国政府对加速对尚处在起步阶段的IT工业的投资和扶持的结果。中国政府在中国ICT研究扮演重要的角色,至少在这个阶段,中国政府间接为中国ICT研究设置了议程。由于一些话题较为敏感,如电子政府,可能涉及“国家机密”,被更为严格的控制,因此研究者倾向于采用内部报告的形式,避免公开数据来源,并严格控制分享研究成果。

#研究分享#【大陆ICTs研究与海外研究的差异】1.与大陆外的期刊上(包括国外、香港和台湾),中国ICT(包括新闻学、传播学、商学、法学等)研究的文章主要目标是新知识,新理论,新概念和新方法的发掘。相比之下,目前中国大陆研究ICT的文章主要集中在媒介工业上。2.大陆文章绝大多数依赖于相对简单的技术中心理论框架,而大陆外的文章主要采用社会建构框架。3.中国大陆的文章比较短,参考文献较少,有的甚至没有。4.本土的文章对于媒体间的关系,尤其是ICT如何与传统媒体互动的话题有很大研究热情。但是却很少关注人在ICTs技术发展过程中的角色。但是所有的研究都不太关心ICTs领域关于性别的研究。5.本土研究倾向于认为ICTs的拥有者或者决策者是新闻机构,网站和记者。大陆外的研究者倾向于认为国家政权是拥有者和决策者。6.大陆的研究者倾向于研究ICTs的社会影响和对媒介机构的影响,但是海外的学者倾向于强调政治因素。7.所有的学者都持类似观点,ICTs是公关的,跨国的全球的问题。8.大陆的文章多讨论理论和概念,缺乏系统实证的证据,而国外的研究大多基于定性的数据搜集,同时也有很多研究者采用定量的方法。9.国外研究中国ICT的文章,大多有公共资助的支持,而一些私人的资助也以公众参与为目标。而国内的研究主要由政府控制。而一些新出现的私人资助多着眼于以短期目标。

 

China ICT Studies: A Review of the Field, 1989-2012

ict

Jack Linchuan Qiu and Wei Bu

Abstract
This article presents an overview of 1,705 academic publications on Internet and ICTs (information and communication technologies) in China, published from 1989 to 2012, in Chinese and English. The Chinese entries include 1,204 articles from four top journalism and
communication studies journals published in Beijing and Shanghai (i.e., those in the J&C database). The English publications are drawn from the Chinese Internet research bibliography (i.e., the CIR bibliography) updated in May 2013, consisting of 501 entries, including mostly peer-reviewed journal articles, while 89 books, chapters, and reports  published within or outside of China are also included. By ICTs we indicate not only the Internet but also a broad range of electronic media from email to mobile phone services. By China ICT studies we refer to a multidisciplinary field built on scholarly traditions of social sciences and humanities to understand ICTs in China. From a social development perspective, we compare the Chinese and English litera-tures for a comprehensive picture of the field: how research in China differs from overseas studies, how they share similar strengths or weaknesses, and how both have evolved over time. Special emphasis is placed on the themes of the literature, as well as researchers' perspec-tives, theoretical frameworks, research objectives, subjectivity, and methods. The meta-analytical framework developed by Qiu and Chan is deployed to examine two sets of issues that structure the field, including (1) the levels of analysis (i.e., macro/global/national, meso/regional/organizational, or micro/individual) and (2) the agents of ICT- related action being analyzed, their operational processes, and the roles of ICTs in media and social transformation. The comparative overview informs future China ICT research by identifying past research trends, recognizing long-term progress as well as systemic deficiencies, and raising new questions. Broader implications and limitations of this review of the field are also addressed.

作者身份:

Jack Linchuan QIU is Associate Professor at the School of Journalism and Communication, the Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK). He researches on information and communication technologies, class, globalization, and social change. At CUHK, he co-directs the Center for Chinese Media and Comparative Communicative Research and the International Affairs Research Center.

Wei BU is a professor at the Institute of Journalism and Communication, the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, where she directs of the Research Center for Children and Media. She does research on communication/ICT for development, children/youth's use of media/ICTs and their sub-culture, feminist media studies, media literacy education, and communication research methodology.

文章来源:The China Review, Vol. 13, No. 2 (Fall 2013), 123-152

 


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  1. wangxintong说道:

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