【世界上最古老血液:4万年前马驹尸体中发现血液】

【世界上最古老血液:4万年前马驹尸体中发现血液】4月16日,韩国Sooam生物技术研究基金会与俄罗斯专家组成的研究团队宣布,在42000年前的小马驹尸体身上发现了流动的血液,科学家表示这可能是世界上最古老的血液,并对此展开进一步研究。去年夏天,小马驹的尸体从西伯利亚永久冻土层中被发现,血液的发现让科学家相信这种已灭绝史前马种有希望被复活。

Scientists have found liquid BLOOD in the frozen remains of a 42,000-year-old foal of an extinct horse that was preserved in Siberian permafrost

  • The blood sample is believed to be  the oldest blood in the world and was found in the ancient foal 
  • The foal has been thoroughly studied and researchers continue to look for more information about it  
  • Experts recently said they are 'confident' they will be able to clone the animal and revive the extinct species

Scientists have discovered liquid blood inside the carcass of an extinct foal preserved for 42,000 years in the Siberian permafrost, it was announced today.

It is believed to be the oldest blood ever found in the world - and boosts hopes of cloning back to life the long-gone Lenskaya species of prehistoric horse.

The discovery was made by an international team of scientists who are also hoping in future to clone the extinct woolly mammoth from genetic material frozen in permafrost.

A picture shows the Ice Age blood in a test tube at a laboratory in Yakutsk, the coldest city in the world. The discovery was made by an international team of scientists who are also hoping in future to clone the extinct woolly mammoth from genetic material frozen in permafrost

A picture shows the Ice Age blood in a test tube at a laboratory in Yakutsk, the coldest city in the world. The discovery was made by an international team of scientists who are also hoping in future to clone the extinct woolly mammoth from genetic material frozen in permafrost

They have already revealed they are 'confident of success' in extracting cells from this ancient foal in order to clone its species and bring it back to life.

Dr Grigoryev, head of the Mammoth Museum in Yakutsk said the autopsy on the foal shows 'beautifully preserved internal organs'.

The prehistoric baby horse died from drowning aged less than two weeks old, he said.

'Samples of liquid blood were taken from heart vessels - it was preserved in the liquid state for 42,000 years thanks to favourable burial conditions and permafrost,' he said, reported The Siberian Times.

'The muscle tissues preserved their natural reddish colour.

'We can now claim that this is the best preserved Ice Age animal ever found in the world.'

Dr Grigoryev revealed the foal is in an exceptional condition without any visible damage.

'This is extremely rare for paleontological finds, because some of them are either incomplete, fragmented, with serious body deformations or strongly mummified,' he said.

'The foal's hair is intact on its head, legs and part of its body.

'Its tail and mane are black, the rest of the foal's body is bay.

'Having preserved hair is another scientific sensation as all previous ancient horses were found without hair.'

Russian scientists are working with experts fromSouth Korean Sooam Biotech Research Foundation.

'Our studies showed that at the moment of death the foal was from one to two weeks old, so he was just recently born,' said Dr Grigoryev..

'As in previous cases of really well-preserved remains of prehistoric animals, the cause of death was drowning in mud which froze and turned into permafrost.

'A lot of mud and silt which the foal gulped during the last seconds of its life were found inside its gastrointestinal tract.'

Michil Yakovlev, editor of the university's corporate media, said: 'Hopefully, the world will soon meet the clone of the ancient foal who lived 42,000 years ago.'

The foal was originally dug out of the permafrost last summer but the blood was only extracted on 28 February.

It's discovery was kept secret until today.

Six years ago blood was found in a mammoth carcass on Malolyakhovskiy island, dated as 28,000 years old.

Other samples - some older - taken from mammoths have been found not to be of sufficient quantity for cloning.

原文链接:https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6928221/Scientists-liquid-BLOOD-frozen-remains-42-000-year-old-foal.html


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