【无人机运送医疗样本】

【无人机运送医疗样本】UPS首次获得美国联邦航空局的支持并开展无人机运送医疗样本的商业部署。UPS表示如果这些样品通过快递车在地面上运送,容易受到道路交通的影响,而无人机的使用将提高效率并降低成本。比如他们已成功部署在卢旺达以及瑞士的血液运输系统。但无人机商业发展的未来仍受美国地方法律法规的限制。

UPS is launching drones to carry medical samples to their destination in North Carolina in first of its kind delivery system

  • A drone will regularly deliver medical samples at a campus in North Carolina
  • Will fly as much as 12.8 miles at a time, will be first regular commercial use in US  
  • Laws governing drones have been slow to evolve despite widespread interest 

UPS will leverage drones to deliver medical samples in the first FAA-backed and continuous commercial deployment of drone technology in America.

According to UPS, an autonomous drone -- Matternet’s M2 quadcopter -- will travel between locations at WakeMed's campus in Raleigh, North Carolina, flying distances of up to 12.8 miles along a fixed, pre-determined route.

Currently, the samples are delivered on the ground via courier cars, says UPS, making the shipments susceptible to road traffic.

The use of drones will both increase efficiency and lower costs, the company says.

Samples are loaded onto the drone which then flies a predetermined route to a landing pad located within the hospital. A pilot monitors the flight for safety along the way.

While the drone is autonomous, UPS says the flight will still be monitored by a special pilot who will ensure that the vehicle arrives safely at a fixed landing pad.

The new delivery system comes as a part of the the FAA’s Unmanned Aircraft System Integration Pilot Program (IPP) which aims to test the application of drones in both the public and private sector throughout the next three years.

Other similar system have been deployed successfully to deliver blood in Rwanda as well as in Switzerland where a Matternet drone has already taken more than 3,000 flights.

While private industry, particularly e-commerce companies like Amazon, have been eager to deploy drone technology for last-mile delivery, rules and regulations have kept the pace of commercial adoption and usage to a minimum.

Drones have been slow to gain regulatory approval as privacy and safety issues are sorted out by the FAA and other state organizations.

Despite regulators methodical approach, interest continues to percolate.

According to a report from Forbes, the number of FAA certified drone pilots last year grew 50 percent over 2017, totaling 115,000 .

Also among the major roadblocks for the future of commercial drone deployment are a web of privacy issues that could lead to no-fly zones over private property.

Already, a patchwork of state and local laws limit unmanned and manned aerial vehicles' ability to fly within certain zones.

原文链接:https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6853743/UPS-regular-commercial-drone-delivery-America.html


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