【倒走可以增强短期记忆力】

【倒走可以增强短期记忆力】国外一项研究发现,倒走比站着不动或向前走更能增强人的短期记忆力。研究人员让114名志愿者观看了一段视频,观看视频后,参与者被分成两组,一组被要求向前或倒走30英尺(10米),另一组被要求原地不动。随后,研究人员向他们询问了20个关于视频中事件的问题,结果发现,与向前走和站定的人相比,倒走者的回答平均多出两道正确答案。此外,来自罗汉普顿大学的专家在实验中发现了类似的现象,虽然目前具体原因尚不明确,但这一实验结果可能会为改善记忆力提供新的尝试方法。

People who walk backwards perform better in a memory test than those who stand still or walk forward, a study has found.

Researchers asked 114 volunteers to watch a video in which a woman had her bag stolen and then answer a questionnaire about what they could recall.

After watching the video, participants were split into groups - one was told to walk forwards or backwards 30 feet (10m) while a control group stood in one place.

They were then asked twenty questions about the events in the video and it was found that the backward-walking group got two more answers correct on average than the forward-walkers and the non-walkers.

People who walk backwards perform better in a memory test than those who stand still or walk forward, a study has found. Researchers asked 114 volunteers to watch a video in which a woman had her bag stolen and answer a questionnaire about what they could recall (stock)

Experts from the University of Roehampton discovered a similar effect in five variations of the experiment.

One of them involved a similar procedure but tested how many words the volunteers could remember from a list.

In others, participants simply imagined moving forwards or backwards, or watched a video filmed on a train, which created the impression of moving forwards or backwards.

In all scenarios, the backwards group or those who imagined walking backwards got the most answers right.

The team deemed this as a statistically significant experiment and an indication that a link between the concepts of 'time' and 'space' is essential to the way our minds form memories.

'It's a partial vindication of this idea that time is really expressed via space,' says Aksentijevic Aksentijevic, who led the study.

It is still not clear why motion, real or imagined, should improve our access to memories but Dr Aksentijevic hopes further research will shed light on as well as how to use it to our advantage.

'I am sure that some of this work could be useful in helping people remember things, but how is a question for more research,' he said.

Richard Allen at the University of Leeds, UK, says the results are interesting, and might offer ways to improve memory function.

'However, I think we need to see the results clearly replicated by other research groups before we can start to be confident about this effect and its interpretation,' Dr Allen said.

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6398085/Walking-backwards-boost-short-term-memory.html


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