【千禧一代比其他几代人更不开心吗?】

【千禧一代比其他几代人更不开心吗?】据一位著名心理学家称,1995年以后出生的人可能比前几代人更不开心,她将这群人称为“iGen”——在智能手机和社交媒体中长大的一代。这群年轻人是第一代在智能手机时代度过整个青春期的人。相比过去的青少年,他们不太约会、喝酒或在无父母陪同下单独外出;由过多的屏幕时间带来的,是缺乏满足感并容易抑郁,甚至更高的自残倾向。你觉得有道理吗?

Dawn of the snowflake 'iGen': Smartphones are creating a mentally fragile generation of millennials that are less likely to work, have a driver's licence and go on dates

  • 'iGen' is a term that includes people accustomed to technology born since 1995 
  • They're the first generation to spend their entire adolescence with smartphones
  • These people are safer than in decades past but are maturing at a slower rate 
  • But they are more likely to suffer with depression, self-harm and commit suicide

People born in 1995 or later are unhappy, mentally fragile and leading more sheltered lives than previous generations, according to a leading psychologist.

This group of young people are the first generation to spend their entire adolescence in the age of the smartphone.

A psychology professor has dubbed this latest demographic as the 'iGen' - young people raised on smartphones and social media.

According to Professor Jean Twenge from San Diego State University young people are probably the safest generation ever but are maturing at a slower rate than in decades past.

Professor Twenge says this generation are less likely to have a driver's licence, to work in a paying job, to go out on dates, to drink alcohol or to go out without their parents compared to past teens.

However, the lack of fulfilment felt by young people as a result of their screen-time has led to a spike in depression, self-harm and suicide among young people, she claims.

A psychology professor has dubbed this latest demographic as the 'iGen' - young people raised on smartphones and social media. They're born in 1995 or later and are the first generation to spend their entire adolescence in the age of the smartphone (stock)

Professor Twenge says smartphones and social media are raising an unhappy, compliant 'iGen'.

Professor Twenge and her colleague Professor Keith Campbell, of the University of Georgia, studied more than 40,000 US children aged between two and  17 for a nationwide health survey in 2016.

Professor Twenge said: 'They have the sense that they are missing out on something. They realise that being on the phone all the time is probably not the best way to live.

'They don't like it when they're talking to a friend and their friend is looking at their phone.

'Many of them have a recognition of the downsides of that type of living as well.'

Professor Twenge said that since 2011 she has witnessed a sudden change in teen behaviour and mental health, with more people feeling lonely or left out, or that they could not do anything right, that their life was not useful.

These, she says, are all telltale symptoms of depression.

HOW CAN PARENTS PROTECT THEIR CHILDREN ONLINE?

A recent study found when sharing parenting advice on social media, common topics included:

  • Getting kids to sleep (28 per cent)
  • Nutrition and eating tips (26 per cent)
  • Discipline (19 per cent)
  • Daycare/preschool (17 per cent)
  • Behaviour problems (13 per cent)

These common topics of conversation often reveal key information about a child, including: name, age/date of birth, school name and even their appearance.

Whilst it may be very difficult to protect the privacy of children in the digital age, there are some things that can be done to shelter children from online dangers.

Know your privacy settings

It is amazing how many parents leave on their Instagram location settings. Set your location settings to off if you do not want people to be able to figure out where you and your children live.

Only share with people who care

Ask yourself if all the people you're sharing your photos with really want to see them and will they protect them in a way you would.

Explore private social networks

Private social networks offer a secure way to share the pictures of your children with your family and friends.

Don't take any digital photos

Ultimately the only way to be 100 per cent sure that you don't have a digital footprint is not to have any digital photos taken but this isn't a road the vast majority of people want to go down.

The 'igen' are less likely to have a driver's licence, to work in a paying job, to go out on dates, to drink alcohol or to go out without their parents as they grow up. Young people  as a result of their screen-time has led to a spike in depression, self-harm and suicide among young people.

'Depressive symptoms have climbed 60 per cent in just five years, with rates of self-harm like cutting (themselves) that have doubled or even tripled in girls,' Professor Twenge revealed.

'Teen suicide has doubled in a few years. Right at the time when smartphones became common, those mental health issues started to show up.

'That change in how teens spend their time is so fundamental for mental health.'

In order to help young people weather the storm that comes from social media, Professor Twenge advises parents and children alike to proactively take control of their leisure time.

Previous research has suggested limiting digital media use to about two hours a day or less for the mental wellbeing of 13 to 18-year-olds.

Jean Twenge is an author whose works include 'iGen' and 'Generation Me.'

WHY ARE YOUNG PEOPLE QUITTING SOCIAL MEDIA?

Millennials are quitting social media and spending less time on Facebook, according to a report based on data by 1,000 members of Gen Z.

Platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram - and even the popular dating app Tinder - are seeing droves of people switch off permanently, according to the report by Boston-based market research company Origin.

While many platforms struggle to keep their users, it seems picture-based messaging app Snapchat is still holding the attention of the younger generation.

More than a third of all young people have already shut the door on some form of social media.

Pew noted that younger respondents were more likely to admit that it would difficult to delete popular social media apps like Facebook, Snapchat, Instagram and Twitter

Millennials are quitting social media and spending less time on Facebook, according to a report based on data by 1,000 members of Gen Z

According to the Origin report, people are choosing to quit social media for a variety of reasons.

Forty-one per cent of respondents believe that they waste too much time on social media, and 35 per cent say that other millennials are too distracted by their online lives.

Other reasons included not using it very often and no longer being interested in the content.

22 per cent of users said they wanted more privacy and couldn't cope with the pressure to get attention.

Just under one in five users said social media platforms made them feel bad about themselves.

原文:https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6382817/Smartphones-raising-mentally-fragile-generation.html


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