网络开放的中国:事实或虚构?

Internet opening up China: Fact or Fiction?

Author: Lokman Tsui
Affiliation: National Taiwan University / University of Leiden
Address: Marshallsingel 30, 1187 LG, Amstelveen, The Netherlands
Email: mail@lokman.nu
http://web.mit.edu/cms/Events/mit2/Abstracts/LOKMANTSUI.pdf

Abstract
“Imagine if the Internet took hold in China. Imagine how freedom would spread.” (George W. Bush in Phoenix, Arizona during a GOP Debate, Dec 7, 1999) It is widely presupposed that the Internet will expose China to a plethora of new media and open up China. Despite the Chinese government’s attempts to censor the Internet, to what degree can and will Chinese Internet users access this new and previously unavailable media? Will China, as a result of the exposure to new information and ideas, grow towards a more Western model in terms of freedom of speech and democracy? The current developments so far seem to point out that the exact opposite is happening: nationalist sentiments are rampant online.
This paper will analyze how China, the people and its government, interacts with the Internet. We will analyze to what degree Internet users have access to unfettered information, whether they are interested and whether they are actually able to comprehend the alternative information and communication possibilities facilitated by the Internet. Lastly, drawing upon the culture shock experience as a referencing framework, it will put the rise of nationalism and the impact of the internet in a broader perspective. The conclusion is that China is currently in the midst of a culture shock and attempting to find its own unique position in the world system.

 

Submission for the Media in Transition: Globalization & Convergence Conference held at MIT, Boston, MA, 10-12 May 2002.


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