【优步将再次开启自动驾驶测试计划】

【优步将再次开启自动驾驶测试计划】自从优步自动驾驶汽车在亚利桑那州致使一名行人被撞身亡以后,这个主打共享并寄希望于发展自动驾驶的公司向美国国家公路交通安全管理局发布了一份安全报告。长达70页的报告详细介绍了优步在宾夕法尼亚州的自动驾驶汽车计划,包括防止碰撞和死亡的安全措施。现在,优步决定再次开启自动驾驶测试计划,将在汽车前排座位上安排两名员工,作为自动化系统的“备用保障”。优步称这些员工为“任务专家”。

https://www.cnn.com/2018/11/02/tech/uber-self-driving-tests/index.html

Uber wants to test self-driving cars again after fatality

(CNN Business)Uber wants to start testing its self-driving cars again, seven months after one of its vehicles struck and killed a pedestrian in Arizona.

The ride-sharing and aspiring self-driving car company released a safety report to the US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration on Friday. The 70-page report details Uber's plans for its self-driving car program in Pennsylvania including safety measures to prevent crashes and fatalities.
The company shut down all of its self-driving car tests and underwent an internal review and external investigations following the crash in Tempe, Arizona.
Cars will now have two employees in the front seat to act as "back-up" drivers for the automated systems. Uber calls these employees "mission specialists." Other safety improvements include outside monitoring of the back-up drivers, and additional screenings of applicants, according to the safety report.
"We are deeply regretful for the crash in Tempe, Arizona, this March. In the hours following, we grounded our self-driving fleets in every city they were operating," said CEO Dara Khosrowshahi in a letter included in the report. "In the months since, we have undertaken a top-to-bottom review of ATG's safety approaches, system development, and culture."
An Uber vehicle in self-driving mode hit and killed 49-year-old pedestrian Elaine Herzberg in March while she was crossing a road at night. The Uber back-up driver was likely watching "The Voice" on her phone at the time of the incident, according to a police report.
The company plans to resume its self-driving program starting with manual driving in Pittsburgh, meaning drivers are in charge of the car. The idea is to collect data about the area where the same cars will be tested using automated systems. The company's self-driving cars are all Volvo SUVs that have been customized with hardware like Lidar, sensors and cameras.
The company has filed its request to test in Pennsylvania with the state's transportation department, which has not yet approved the application. Waymo, Google's self-driving car division, is already testing self-driving car systems in the state.

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