【VR“流浪汉模拟器”的沉浸感,可以提升人的同情心】

【VR“流浪汉模拟器”的沉浸感,可以提升人的同情心】VR技术可以通过提供一种陌生生活的沉浸体验,帮助人们学会理解他人。斯坦福大学的研究者将560名被试分成三批,其中一批体验“流浪汉生活“的7分钟VR内容,另两批分别在电脑上体验同样的文字和交互场景。结果表明VR体验者更可能对流浪汉产生同情,甚至主动请愿向他们提供经济适用房。

Virtual reality can make you a better person: Study finds the technology is 'the ultimate empathy machine' and can help boost compassion

  • New study compared the effects of VR and other types of media on compassion
  • The researchers showed participants a VR experience about homelessness 
  • Others were given reading tasks or interactive scenarios on the computer
  • Study found those who underwent VR experience maintained more empathy

Virtual reality may soon find uses outside of entertainment.

According to new research, the technology could help people learn to be more empathetic towards others, providing a way to immerse them in unfamiliar experiences that they may not otherwise relate to.

In the study, people who were exposed to situations such as the loss of a job or homelessness in the virtual reality setting ultimately developed longer-lasting compassion towards the issues in real life.

In the study, some participants were shown a seven-minute VR experience called ‘Being Homeless,’ which was developed by Stanford’s Virtual Human Interaction Lab. Others were given reading tasks or an interactive scenario on the computer

‘Experiences are what define us as humans, so it’s not surprising that an intense experience in VR is more impactful than imagining something,’ said co-author Jeremy Bailenson, a professor of communication at Stanford University.

Researchers conducted two studies, each over the course of two months, with more than 560 participants between the ages of 15 and 88.

The study was designed to assess how VR affects people’s attitudes compared to other types of media.

‘About 10 million headsets have been sold in the US over the past two years,’ said lead author Fernanda Herrera, a graduate student in the Department of Communication.

‘So, many people now have access to VR experiences. But we still don’t know much about how VR affects people.

‘This research is an important step in figuring out how much of an effect this technology can have on people’s level of empathy in the long term.’

Virtual reality may soon find uses outside of entertainment. According to new research, the technology could help people learn to be more empathetic towards others. Stock image

In the study, some participants were shown a seven-minute VR experience called ‘Being Homeless,’ which was developed by Stanford’s Virtual Human Interaction Lab.

Others were given reading tasks or an interactive scenario on the computer.

According to the researchers, the participants who experienced the VR scenario were more likely to maintain positive attitudes toward the homeless and even sign a petition in support of affordable housing.

‘Taking the perspective of others in VR produces more empathy and prosocial behaviors in people immediately after going through the experience and over time in comparison to just imagining what it would be like to be in someone else’s shoes,’ Herrera said.

‘And that is an exciting finding.’

The researchers say VR could help to facilitate more meaningful social interactions, and improve people’s understanding and compassion to others in situations that may not be like their own.

‘We tend to think of empathy as something you either have or don’t have,’ said Stanford psychology scholar Jamil Zaki.

‘But lots of studies have demonstrated that empathy isn’t just a trait. It’s something you can work on and turn up or down in different situations.’

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6287559/Virtual-reality-ultimate-empathy-machine-study-claims.html


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