#研究分享#【在线学习社区研究】

#研究分享#【在线学习社区研究】Alexandre Ardichvili发现网络社区已经成为越来越多在线学习者的选择,但是在线知识分享的因素很多是难以确定的,因此对网络学习、知识管理和在线交流进行综述,并且提出来一个框架,用来理解在线知识共享的动机、障碍和促进因素。动机主要包括社区归属感、功利主义的考虑等,而障碍主要是人际因素、技术相关因素的使用以及文化规范等;促成因素主要有组织文化的认同、工具的便利性以及知识的信任程度,并且给出了构建有活力和高效社区的建议。这为我们研究网络空间中的在线学习社区提供一些角度。http://www.looooker.com/?p=59191

The problem and the solution . Virtual (online) communities of practice (VCoPs; when community members share and cocreate knowledge in online discussions and other forms of knowledge exchange) are increasingly viewed as important vehicles of collective learning in the workplace. Currently, factors leading to successful online knowledge sharing are not well understood. This article is based on an extensive review of online learning, knowledge management, and online communication literature, and proposes a framework for understanding motivators, barriers, and enablers for successful online knowledge sharing and learning. The framework includes key motivational factors, such as utilitarian considerations, value-based considerations, and sense of community and belonging; barriers to online knowledge sharing, including interpersonal factors, procedural and/or use of technology-related factors, and cultural norms; and enablers of VCoP knowledge sharing, including supportive organizational culture, presence of personal knowledge-based trust, and availability of adequate tools. The article concludes with specific recommendations for promoting and supporting vibrant and productive VCoPs.

5455

Conclusion
……
Although there could be numerous promising strategies for future research related to VCoPs, here we will discuss only one possible direction, based on the application of principles of the activity theory and situated cognition theory (Barab et al., 2004; Engstrom, 1999; Hung & Chen, 2001). According to these principles, to generate useful recommendations for the design of VCoPs, practitioners and scholars need to understand individual elements of systems, tensions and dualities in systems, and the role of these tensions in systems’ evolution and functioning. Wenger (1998) provided a detailed analysis of dualities in CoPs, and described these dualities as endemic to the systems’ activity: “a duality is a single conceptual unit that is formed by two inseparable and mutually constitutive elements whose inherent tension and complementarily give the concept richness and dynamism” (p. 66). Some of the dualities in VCoPs, which need to be explored further through empirical studies, are (a) the need for global centralization of VCoP support activities versus need for utilization of local talent; (b) the need to ensure manageability of the content (i.e., avoiding information overload and eliminating redundancies and obsolete Ardichvili / VIRTUAL COMMUNITIES OF PRACTICE 551 content) versus comprehensiveness of coverage and respect for contributions made by all members; (c) the need for standardization of community norms and practices versus the need for promoting diversity of opinions and development of local norms and rules of behavior; and (d) the need for achieving economies of scale through global coordination of VCoP support versus leaving open space for local self-organization and spontaneous emergence of new organizational forms and processes 。

原文网址:http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1523422308319536

原文来源: E-Learning and Digital Media

 


Comments are closed.



无觅相关文章插件