【研究发现,教孩子撒谎对儿童大脑有益】

【研究发现,教孩子撒谎对儿童大脑有益】多伦多大学的研究人员进行了一项研究,将42名学龄前儿童分成两组玩捉迷藏,一组不撒谎,一组教他们如何在捉迷藏里欺骗成年人,结果显示,知道撒谎的孩子获得了更好的分数。研究人员称,撒谎是成长的一部分,广义上该结论意味着,消极的人类行为也能给儿童认知带来好处。

Why you SHOULD teach your child to lie: Learning how to fib can be good for preschoolers' brains

  • Researchers taught children how to deceive adults in a game of hide and seek
  • They then gave a control group and the group who learned deceit a set of tests
  • The results showed that children who knew how to lie produced higher scores
  • Scientists say the study shows lying can improve a child's cognitive functions 

Most children are taught not to lie from a young age.

But a new study from researchers at University of Toronto has found that learning to fib might actually have wide-ranging cognitive benefits.

A group of 42 preschool-aged children - none of which showed an ability to lie - were split into two factions: a control group and another group which was taught how to lie in order to win a hide-and-seek game.

Most children are taught not to lie from a young age. But a new study has found that learning to fib might actually have wide-ranging cognitive benefits

The group of boys and girls, which had an average age of about 40 months, played a game where they had to hide a snack, like popcorn, from an adult over the course of four days.

As part of the game, the adult had to select which hand the child had hid in the popcorn in.

If the child was able to deceive the adult, they could keep the treat.

Each child was then given a standardized test measuring executive functions, which include things like theory of mind, or the ability to understand what another person's intentions are, as well as the ability to pay attention, stay focused on tasks, organize, prioritize and plan effectively.

They found that the children who were taught to deceive ended up outperforming the control group.

'With just a few days of instruction, young children quickly learned to deceive and gained immediate cognitive benefits from doing so,' the researchers wrote.

Each child was then given a standardized test measuring executive functions, which include things like theory of mind, or the ability to understand what another person's intentions are. Children who were taught to deceive ended up outperforming the control group

'More generally, these findings support the idea that even seemingly negative human social behaviors may confer cognitive benefits when such behaviors call for goal pursuing, problem solving, mental state tracking and perspective tracking.'

Researchers say the study is the 'first evidence' that learning how to lie can actually improve cognitive skills in preschool-aged children.

'As parents and teachers - and society as a whole - we always worry that if a kid lies there will be terrible consequences,' said Kang Lee, a co-author of the study who has studied how kids lie for over two decades.

'But it turns out there is a big difference between kids who lie earlier and those who lie later.

'The kids who lie earlier tend to have much better cognitive abilities,' he added.

However, it doesn't mean all parents should be teaching their kids how to lie.

The researchers believe lying is a normal part of growing up and that children should learn to deceive when they're young so that they're equipped with essential cognitive functions

Children have the ability to lie as early as two years old, according to Lee. He discovered that his son could lie at 14 months old, when his son tricked him into getting him some milk even though he wasn't hungry.

Lee believes lying is a normal part of growing up and that children should learn to deceive when they're young so that they're equipped with essential cognitive functions.

'When you look at the two skills important for lying [self-control and theory of mind]...these are fundamental cognitive skills that humans must have to survive in society,' Lee explained.

Lee has studied the way deceit and praise affect children for many years.

A recent study he authored found that children praised by their parents for being smart are more likely to cheat in tests.

The study claims that when children are praised for being smart, they feel pressure to perform well in order to live up to others' expectations, even if they need to cheat to do so.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6120251/Why-teach-child-lie-Learning-fib-good-preschoolers-brains.html


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