【空气污染使人变笨:相当于减少一年的学习时间】

【空气污染使人变笨:相当于减少一年的学习时间】据外媒报道,由北京师范大学领导的国际研究团队最新研究成果表明,空气污染严重影响人类的心理能力和身体健康,重度污染会导致语言和算数能力的降低,平均影响程度相当于损失一年的教育时间。美国耶鲁大学公共卫生学院的研究院表示,此次研究是第一次包含所有年龄段的对象,发现特别是64岁以上、男性、受教育程度低的老人受到的伤害更为明显。

Air pollution causes a 'huge' reduction in intelligence, scientists say.

Shocking new research suggests air pollution has a serious impact on mental capabilities as well as physical health in human beings.

High levels of pollution can trigger a decrease in language and arithmetic skills – with the average impact of 'dirty air' equivalent to losing a year in education.

The United Nations has blamed air pollution for seven million deaths worldwide each year, while campaigners have urged local government to take more action.

Air pollution causes a 'huge' reduction in intelligence, according to a new study. Earlier this month it was revealed London's pollution is now so bad it's equivalent to smoking 251 cigarettes

An international team of researchers led by Beijing Normal University analysed language and arithmetic tests conducted on 20,000 people across China between 2010 and 2014.

However, the study is relevant worldwide, as the latest figures show around 95 per cent of the global population are now breathing unsafe air.

Scientists conducted the tests across China in areas with varied levels of pollution.

According to the latest findings, air pollution is a significant cause of loss of intelligence – roughly equating to one year of a person's education.

Although previous research had found air pollution is capable of harming cognitive performance in students, this latest study is the first to examine people of all ages.

It also analysed the difference between men and women.

'Polluted air can cause everyone to reduce their level of education by one year, which is huge,' researcher Xi Chen of Yale School of Public Health told the Guardian.

'But we know the effect is worse for the elderly, especially those over 64, and for men, and for those with low education.

'If we calculate [the loss] for those, it may be a few years of education', he said.

Worse still, the researchers found that the longer people are exposed to dirty air, the greater the damage to their intelligence levels.

'We find that long-term exposure to air pollution impedes cognitive performance in verbal and math tests', researchers wrote in their paper, published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

'We provide evidence that the effect of air pollution on verbal tests becomes more pronounced as people age, especially for men and the less educated.

'The damage on the aging brain by air pollution likely imposes substantial health and economic costs, considering that cognitive functioning is critical for the elderly for both running daily errands and making high-stake decisions'.

For the latest study, scientists accounted for the gradual decline in cognition seen as people age.

They also ruled out the possibility that people are more impatient or uncooperative during tests when the pollution levels were especially high.

It is now believed 95 per cent of the world's population breathes in polluted air. The longer people are exposed to dirty air the greater the damage to their intelligence

Following the publication of the latest study, Aarash Saleh, a registrar in respiratory medicine in the UK and part of the Doctors Against Diesel campaign, told the Guardian: 'This study adds to the concerning bank of evidence showing that exposure to air pollution can worsen our cognitive function.

'Road traffic is the biggest contributor to air pollution in residential areas and the government needs to act urgently to remove heavily-polluting vehicles from our roads.'

Earlier this year, the World Health Organisation (WHO) released the results of its study into fine particle air pollution in nearly 110 countries.

These microscopic particles are invisible to the human eye – but can penetrate deep into the lungs, and also cause heart disease and cancer.

The WHO report revealed every corner of the globe is dealing with air pollution.

However, poorer countries fare worse than richer nations, with outdoor pollution levels highest in the Middle East, North Africa and South-East Asia.

Earlier this month, it was revealed London's pollution is now so bad it's equivalent to smoking 251 cigarettes a year.

Spending a long weekend in Europe’s 10 most popular but polluted cities could have the same health impacts as smoking between one and four cigarettes over just several days, the European Transport and Environment Association revealed.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6105291/Polluted-air-causes-huge-reduction-intelligence-shocking-study-reveals.html

 


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