【专家警告无糖碳酸饮料会增加肥胖、痴呆和中风的风险】

【专家警告无糖碳酸饮料会增加肥胖、痴呆和中风的风险】据外媒报道,美国心脏协会最新报告指出,无糖碳酸饮料也会增加体重,甚至会增加2型糖尿病、痴呆和中风的风险,对于儿童患病的风险更大。专家建议,无糖饮料尽可以用作短期控制体重阶段含糖饮料和水之间的过渡品,但是过多摄入并不有利于减肥和健康,另外儿童每天摄入不超过六茶匙的糖。

Experts have warned Americans in a new advisory to stop consuming diet drink due to several studies showing a link to  weight gain, and an increased risk of dementia and stroke

Drinking diet soda is just as bad for you as having a regular soda, a new report has claimed.

Even sugar-free drinks are raising the risk of weight gain, type 2 diabetes, dementia and stroke among US adults, the panel of doctors and researchers has warned.

They said that children are at an even greater risk of disease because consuming diet drinks at such a young age can create behaviors that follow them throughout their lives.

With obesity rates continuing to balloon in the US - and diabetes, heart disease and certain cancers following these trends - the experts say it is vital now more than ever to lay down the diet sodas to help curb the growing epidemic.

The group, from the American Heart Association, did note that diet drinks are often used by people who generally consume large amounts of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) as a way to wean themselves off.

'This approach may be particularly helpful for individuals who are habituated to a sweet-tasting beverage and for whom water, at least initially, is not a desirable option,' the report said.

The writers also pointed to a number of self-reporting surveys that showed an encouraging trend of Americans consuming fewer sugar-laden and diet drinks.

According to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, adults drank an average of 5.6 ounces of low-calorie drinks per day - the equivalent of about half a can of soda - in 2006.

The data showed that by 2014, adults were drinking just 3.8 ounces per day. For kids and teenagers, they were drinking less than an ounce per day.

Meanwhile, according to the survey, adults drank an average of 16.2 ounces of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) per day in 2000, which fell to 8.4 ounces in 2014.

The decline was even more drastic among kids, from 19 ounces per day in 2000 to 8.6 ounces in 2014.

The American Heart Association, in 2016, released its recommendation that children consume no more than six teaspoons of sugar per day.

'We want to make crystal clear it's important to maintain that [downward] trend,' said Dr Alice Lichtenstein, vice chair of the writing group and a professor of nutrition science and policy at Tufts University in Boston.

'We hear a lot about potential adverse effects of low-calorie sweeteners, but much of it is speculation. We have to go with the available evidence. The best advice we can give at this time is to ramp down intake and avoid excess consumption.'

The advisory particularly recommended that children stay away due to the lack of data on the long-term effects of these low-calorie drinks.

'One question we discussed is whether for children who are obese and who drink regular soda on a regular basis, is it OK for them to drink diet soda instead?' said Dr Frank Hu, a member of the writing group and chair of the nutrition department at Harvard University.

'The consensus is that for short-term weight control, it's OK. Certainly, it's not the best alternative...because we all know there are more healthy alternatives, such as water, low-fat and fat-free milk.'

However, a report from the CDC released in February 2017 found that teens' daily intake of milk also declined (from about 44 percent to 37 percent), as did 100 percent fruit juice intake (27 percent to 21.6 percent).

Although the FDA has labeled low and no-calorie sweeteners - sold under names such as Splenda and Sweet & Low - as 'generally recognized as safe', many of the experts say that this shouldn't be taken as a ringing endorsement.

'Artificial soda, there's nothing good about it,' said Christopher Gardner, director of Nutrition Studies at Stanford University, who was not part of the AHA advisory.

'There's nothing health-promoting about it. The only health-related role it has is as a transition beverage, replacing or displacing sugar-sweetened beverages.'

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-6011365/Experts-warn-sugar-free-sodas-linked-weight-gain-dementia-stroke.html


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