【研究发现高估自己对政治知识理解的人更可能相信阴谋论】

【研究发现高估自己对政治知识理解的人更可能相信阴谋论】据外媒报道,利哈伊大学最新研究发现,高估自己政治知识的人更有可能相信阴谋论。这项研究在2016年美国总统大选前后展开,研究者选取394名美国人来评估他们对六项政策的理解和解读方式,然后要求他们自己重新评估自己的理解程度。另外他们也发现,在政治上感到被剥夺公民权利并且自己支持的政党失去权力,都会增加对阴谋论的相信,2016选举中希拉里的支持者更是如此。

Was Melania replaced by a body double? Was the moon landing faked? The claims might sound outrageous to some - but conspiracy theories such as these have gained substantial followings.

New research from Lehigh University has found that people who overestimate their political knowledge are more likely to believe conspiracy theories.

Conspiracy theories about government officials and the institutions they represent are widespread and rooted in U.S. history across the political ideological spectrum, says author Joseph A. Vitriol.

Researchers from Lehigh University found that people who overestimate their understanding of political issues are more likely to believe conspiracy theories. Last year, a popular conspiracy theory claimed Melania Trump had been replaced by a body double

'These beliefs attribute outsized influence to hidden actors or clandestine groups who are perceived as the root cause of an important world event, action, or outcome,' Vitriol said.

The study conducted of 394 Americans took place before and after the 2016 presidential election.

The study participants were asked to rate how well they understood six political policies, and then to explain how they worked.

They were then asked to re-rate how well they understood them after attempting to explain it.

The act of trying to explain a phenomenon reveals to participants how little they actually understand about the policies, resulting in a reduction in self-reported understanding ratings, according to Jessecae K. Marsh, an associate professor of psychology at Lehigh.

'Participants who had high levels of confidence in their understanding of public policies after generating an explanation were more likely to endorse political conspiracies, especially if they also lacked accurate knowledge of political phenomena,' Marsh said.

People who overestimated their knowledge were more likely to believe conspiracy theories. Pictured: The Illuminati symbol

People who overestimated their knowledge were more likely to believe conspiracy theories, such as Princess Diana was assassinated, the moon landing was faked, or the government created AIDS.

It was particularly true for people who supported Clinton in the 2016 election.

'One surprise is that the relationship between this inflated confidence in understanding politics and conspiracy beliefs increased after the 2016 U.S. presidential election among people who supported the losing candidate,' Vitriol said to PsyPost.

The study conducted of 394 Americans took place before and after the 2016 presidential election. The study participants were asked to rate how well they understood six political policies, and then to explain how they worked. Pictured: The Moon Landing

'Our findings are consistent with several lines of research demonstrating that losses in the political realm encourage conspiracy thinking.'

“For example, existing studies suggest that feeling disenfranchised politically and having one’s political party lose power are both associated with increased conspiracy thinking and belief,' he continued.

'When people feel threatened or as though they lack control over important events, conspiracy theories become more attractive. Our findings suggest this is particularly true for people who are overconfident in their understanding of politics.'

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5836111/People-overestimate-political-knowledge-likely-fall-conspiracy-theories.html


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