【别人家的学校:老师使用emoji表情来教学生莎士比亚】

【别人家的学校:老师使用emoji表情来教学生莎士比亚】青少年经常在短信和社交媒体中使用表情包,但现在表情包也正出现在课堂上。位于伯恩茅斯的阿文伯恩学院的一位英语教师Charlotte Hodgson透露,她正正她的工作计划中嵌入emoji表情进行教学。Hodgson说, emoji表情可以帮助她年龄在11到12岁之间的学生理解莎士比亚,她刚刚教了一个《仲夏夜之梦》,用 emoji绘制了全部的场景摘要,同时让学生用emoji表情来概括章节,并且解释。她称使用表情符号可以提高学生的理解力、参与度和学习能力,还能帮助那些有英语不是母语的学生。不过,也有其他教育者非常反对,有教育者认为,在课堂上经常使用表情包违反职业道德,会损害学生长期的教育。

Proof schools are being dumbed down? Teachers admit to using EMOJIS to teach their students Shakespeare

  • Charlotte Hodgson, an English teacher in Bournemouth, uses emojis in class
  • 'I've had classes plot the entire summary of a scene in emojis,' she admitted
  • She claims that emoji use leads to higher understanding, engagement and learning among students, but many disagree with her claims

Teenagers regularly use emojis in their text messages and social media - but the digital icons are now appearing in pupils' lessons as well.

Some teachers believe that adopting the images - which reflect emotions ranging from grinning to sad faces - help improve youngsters' learning in the classroom.

However, other educators argue that their regular use in lessons is a 'moral failing', which could damage pupils' chances of long-term educational success.

Teenagers regularly use emojis in their text messages and social media - but the digital icons are now appearing in pupils' lessons as well 

Charlotte Hodgson, an English teacher at Avonbourne College in Bournemouth, Dorset, has revealed that emojis are 'embedded' in her department's schemes of work.

She told the Times Educational Supplement: 'Everyone in the English department is using them.

'I've had classes plot the entire summary of a scene in emojis and then they put them on to a graph to show the tension the characters are feeling, and they find quotations to illustrate this, so it builds to become higher-level learning as well.'

Ms Hodgson said emojis had particularly helped her Year Seven class, with pupils aged 11 to 12, to engage with Shakespeare.

She said: 'I've just taught A Midsummer Night's Dream and, when we've read a bit of the scene, they summarise it in two main emojis and then have to explain it.

'The emojis are not used by themselves - there is always some kind of verbal or written explanation that then allows you to check the pupils' literacy, writing skills or speech skills. The emojis just give them a starting point that they understand.'

She claims that emoji use leads to higher understanding, engagement and learning among students. They also help pupils who have English as an additional language.

Emojis originate from Japan, with the first one invented by Shigetaka Kurita in 1999. He worked for mobile phone operator NTT DoCoMo and realised that digital communication was void of the ability to convey emotion

At a secondary school in Stockton-on-Tees, modern foreign languages teacher Luca Kuhlman also argues that emojis are an invaluable aid in his classroom.

'Wherever possible, I take out the English words in a text and replace them with an emoji, so they associate the French with an image rather than with an English translation,' he told the TES.

'If you can eliminate as much English as possible, they don't need much explanation.

'For example, the one with the sunglasses usually means 'cool'. And what's great is that there are always more emojis being released - I always look forward to a new update because I just like using them.'

But Jon Brunskill, a Year Four teacher of children aged eight to nine at Reach Academy Feltham, West London, points out that it is only with an understanding of how to use standard written English that pupils can then be creative with language.

He said: 'I'd put my money on children being better able to be creative by using standard written English than by not using standard written English and for lots of children, the only shot they get at learning standard English is in school.

'If a teacher said, 'I know how to use standard spoken English, of course I do - I've got a degree, it's how I got this lovely job and can pay my mortgage on a lovely house, but I'm not going to give it to you guys because I think it will be fun to use emojis for a few years', I think that's a moral failing.'

Clare Sealy, headteacher at St Matthias School in East London, added: 'As educators, we have not a single minute to waste teaching trivia, such as emojis. How will such learning help bridge the word gap?

'How can we help disadvantaged children gain the sorts of powerful knowledge that children in, say, the top public schools have? Not by devoting precious curriculum time to the detritus of youth sub-culture. That would be fiddling while Rome burns.'

She went on: 'Who uses emojis in a professional context? When was the last time that your doctor sent you an emoji? Or your lawyer or bank manager?

ARE EMOJIS RUINING THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE?

Emojis may be a fun form of communication but they are destroying the English language, a recent study by Google has revealed.

Smiley faces, love hearts, thumbs up and other cartoon icons - rather than words - are the preferred method of communication by teenagers, who are considered the worst offenders regarding the decline in grammar and punctuation.

More than a third of British adults believe emojis are the reason for the deterioration in proper language usage, according to the study commissioned by the Google-owned site YouTube.

Emoji were first used by Japanese mobile phone companies in the late 1990s to express an emotion, concept or message in a simple, graphic way. Now, Twitter feeds, text messages and Facebook posts are crammed with them

Emojis were first used by Japanese mobile phone companies in the late 1990s to express an emotion, concept or message in a simple, graphic way. Now, Twitter feeds, text messages and Facebook posts are crammed with them

Of the two thousand adults, aged 16 to 65, who were asked their views, 94 per cent reckoned English was in a state of decline, with 80 per cent citing youngsters as the worst offenders.

The most common errors made by Brits are spelling mistakes (21 per cent), followed closely by apostrophe placement (16 per cent) and the misuse of a comma (16 per cent).

More than half of British adults are not confident with their command of spelling and grammar, the study also found.

Furthermore, around three-quarters of adults rely on emoji to communicate, in addition to a dependence on predictive text and spell checking.

The use of emojis has seeped into our culture to such an extent that the Oxford Dictionary's 'Word of the Year' in 2015 wasn't actually a word at all - it was the Face With Tears emoji, which shows just how influential the little graphic images have become.

They were first used by Japanese mobile phone companies in the late 1990s to express an emotion, concept or message in a simple, graphic way.

 'For personal use, children learn these sorts of communication much better from one another.

'In fact, it is hard to stop them. It strikes me as trying to be 'down with the kids'.'

Anthony Radice, assistant headteacher at Great Yarmouth Charter Academy, said: 'My role is to introduce my students to things they're not already familiar with, and Year Sevens are not very familiar with great works of literature.

'Actually, they're very familiar with things like emojis, so isn't it a waste of class time to be giving them what they've already got?'

Emojis originate from Japan, with the first one invented by Shigetaka Kurita in 1999.

He worked for mobile phone operator NTT DoCoMo and realised that digital communication was void of the ability to convey emotion.

The emoji, which combines the Japanese words for 'picture' ('e') and 'character' ('moji'), was born.


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