#研究分享#【面对写作低迷怎么办?试试限制性写作方法】

#研究分享#【面对写作低迷怎么办?试试限制性写作方法】句子无法连贯,难以找到合适的词?面对写作低迷,或许你的大脑需要锻炼,可以试着尝试一种新的写作练习:限制性写作,即给你的写作施加一些条件,比如不允许某些类型的单词出现或者遵循写一个特定的模式。这种约束型写作迫使你以新的方式解决问题,因为你不能总是使用你通常依赖的单词或短语。具体包括:离合诗(Acrostic)、头韵(Alliteration)、 Lipogram(避免使用某个字母)、标点限制(Punctuation restrictions)、独白诗(Univocalic poetry)等。其他限制方式以及更多的解释可以戳原文。

10 exercises to shake off the writing doldrums

When you’re struggling to find the right words, sometimes it helps to think outside the box. Here are some ways to unblock your creative flow.
By Laura Hale Brockway | Posted: May 17, 2018
Having trouble coming up with the right words? Unable to string more than a few sentences together?

Perhaps your brain needs a workout. Consider trying out a new writing exercise: constrained writing. It’s just what is sounds like—imposing conditions on your writing, such as disallowing certain types of words or writing to a specific pattern.

Imagine writing a short story without using the letter “e” or the word “is.”

Writing with a constraint forces you to solve writing problems in new ways, as you can’t always use the words or phrases that you usually rely on.

Here are ten descriptions and examples of the most common types constrained writing:

1. Acrostic - a poetic form in which the first letter of each word, sentence, or paragraph forms a word or sentence.

Ex:

ExpectDeep

Internal

Turmoil

2. Alliteration - each word in a sentence or phrase must start with the same letter of the alphabet.

Ex:

Early exclusion eliminates excessive exposure.

[FREE GUIDE: 10 ways to improve your writing today]

3. Chaterism - a sentence or phrase in which the length of consecutive words increases or decreases mathematically.

Ex:

I do not edit prose before sunrise.

4. Haiku - a Japanese poetic form written in three lines with a syllable pattern of 5-7-5.

Ex:

Oh, Microsoft Word.
Why must you malfunction so?
Crash, force quit, restart.

5. Lipogram - writing that excludes a specific letter of the alphabet (most commonly “e”).

Ex:

My piano instructor — a normally forgiving woman was visibly angry at my unskillful playing.

Ernest Wright wrote the 50,000-word novel Gadsby without using the letter “e.” See more examples.

6. Pilish - writing in which the lengths of consecutive words match the digits in the number pi.

Ex:

How I need a drink, alcoholic in nature, after the heavy lectures involving quantum mechanics!

(Word length matches the first 15 digits in the number pi. Example from Wikipedia.)

7. Punctuation restrictions - writing that excludes a specific punctuation mark.

For a fine example of this, see Peter Carey's True History of the Kelly Gang, a novel written without any commas.

8. Reverse lipogram - writing that requires each word to contain a specific letter.

Ex:

I like idle lyrics intensely. (The letter “i” appears in each word)

9. Six-word memoirs a life story told in six words.

Ex:

Did I sign up for this?

10. Univocalic poetry - poetry using only one vowel.

Ex:

Her speech melted Stephen, yet he nevertheless esteems, reveres her. He bent the knee where her feet pressed the green; he blessed, he begged, he pressed her.

Excerpt from “Eve’s Legend” by Henry Richard Vassall-Fox, 3rd Baron Holland

Share your versions of these writing brain-teasers in the comments.

Laura Hale Brockway is an Austin-based writer and editor and a regular contributor to PR Daily. Read more of her posts on corporate communications and exhausting writing tasks atimpertinentremarks.com.

(Image via)

来源:https://www.ragan.com/Main/Articles/54349.aspx


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