【硕士生成果】方伟:城乡青少年学生“数字鸿沟”探析

摘 要

近些年来,中国互联网发展迅速,网民数量也与日俱增。中国互联网中心的报告指出,截至2007年12月,网民数已达到了2.1亿人,中国总体互联网普及率已经达到了16%。但是,在互联网的扩散过程中,并未打破原有的城乡二元结构,城乡互联网发展也存在着巨大差距。而青少年学生作为网民的主体,互联网在青少年学生群体的扩散过程中,也存在着城乡差距。本文以“数字鸿沟”理论为切入点,研究城乡青少年学生在互联网的采用和使用方面存在的差距。

本文通过对一个北方的县级市的青少年学生群体进行抽样调查,比较市区青少年学生和农村青少年学生在互联网的采用和使用中的差异。其中,在互联网的采用层面,主要研究影响互联网采用的家庭环境和学校环境,以及互联网采用比率和不采用互联网的原因;在互联网的使用层面,主要研究城乡青少年学生在上网地点、互联网使用的量、互联网功能的使用、上网的交流活动和使用互联网的影响几个方面的差异。

研究发现,在和互联网采用相关的家庭环境因素中,市区学生的环境优于农村学生的环境,但在学校环境的比较中市区学生则基本没有优势;市区学生比农村学生的互联网采用率高;农村学生更多地因为硬件条件限制而不采用互联网;市区学生使用互联网的量高于农村学生;在一定程度上,市区学生比农村学生更能高质量使用互联网;互联网的使用,对市区学生的学习和社会参与比对农村学生有相对积极的影响。

关键词:青少年学生;互联网;数字鸿沟

Digital Divide between Young Students in Urban and Rural Areas: A Survey in Young Students in Zunhua County

Wei Fang (Major in Mass Communication)

Directed by Professor. Boxu Yang

Abstract
In recent years, with the rapid development of the Internet, there are a large number of people who start to use the Internet in China. China Internet Network Information Center has reported that there are 210 million people who have used the Internet till December 2007, and the diffusion rate of the Internet has reached 16%. However, there are disparities in the diffusion process between urban and rural areas. And the differences also exist in urban and rural young students, who are the main part of the Internet users. Based on the theory of “digital divide”, this paper plans to study the disparities in access to and uses of the Internet.

It has employed an empirical research to study the differences in access to and uses of the Internet. As for the access to the Internet, it concentrates on family and school conditions relating to whether or not use the Internet, the diffusion rate of the Internet and reasons for not using the Internet. And for the use of the Internet, it mainly focuses on places, frequencies, functions, internet based communication and influences caused by using the Internet.

The research has found that urban students have more advantages in family conditions than rural students, but not the same in school conditions; there are much more urban students using the Internet than rural students; Limited access to computers is a much more important reason for rural students than urban students about not using the Internet; Urban students use the Internet more frequently than rural students; The quality of use for urban students is higher than rural students; There are relatively positive influences for urban students than for rural students.

Keywords: Young Students; Internet; Digital Divide


Comments are closed.



无觅相关文章插件