【硕士生成果】唐芳:政治网民的社会经济地位与政治倾向

摘要

本文是一次针对网络政治参与群体及其虚拟政治生活的探索性研究,旨在通过创新的定量研究和内容分析来捕捉政治网民的全貌并试图透过地位差异和政治观念分歧来进一步认识这个群体的内部结构分化。本研究选择“强国论坛”和“猫眼看人”作案例分析,人口抽样数据发现政治网民群体不等于一般网民整体。本文引入“社会经济地位”变量作为社会分层的分析指标,结合收入、教育、职业等自变量计算出个体的社会经济地位,发现政治网民少数来自社会底层,大部分来自社会中间阶层。“政治倾向”变量被引入作政治态度判断,追踪网民的互联网言论发现,不同时政论坛的政治倾向具有显著差异,网络上的左-右派别分化是一个不争的事实。

本研究利用“社会经济地位”变量对“政治倾向”做相关分析,发现两变量无显著关联,即推翻了“社会经济地位越高,政治倾向越右” 的一般认识。将政治网民划分为不同经济等级做进一步分析发现:社会底层在互联网讨论中表现出的左派倾向明显;而(政治网民主体)中间阶层由于内部分化和利益多样化,政治倾向呈现多元走向,即使社会经济地位相同的个体在网络公共参与中所表现出来的政治态度和关注议题也不尽相同。而且和底层的激进走向相反,中间阶层体现出了对社会稳定和持续发展的一致赞同,即政治倾向偏温和。

数据结果表明,互联网政治言论的主体源自社会中间阶层的温和派讨论,“激进主义”和“群体极化”现象虽然存在,但却只是少数派现象。由此引申思考网络政治讨论该“堵”还是该“疏”的问题,本文最后给出了一个可能的答案。

关键词:政治网民、政治倾向、派别分化、左-右、社会经济地位

Political Netizen’s Socioeconomic Status and Political Orientation

——An exploratory research based on Qiang Guo and Mao Yan BBS

Tang Fang (Communication)

Directed by Yang Boxu

Abstract:This exploratory research is focused on Internet Political Participants (Political Netizen) and their online political life, aimed to capture the general picture of Political Netizen through innovative quantitative study and content analysis. Study is expanded by further exploring internal structural difference by means of status and ideology difference. ‘Qiang Guo’ and ‘Mao Yan’ are chosen for case study. Sample analysis discovers that Political Netizen is not same as general Netizen in demographic dimension. Speech’s orientation analysis of each participant’s online discussion tells that different political BBS’s political orientation differs sharply; the left-right party differentiation is an existing truth.
This research introduces index “Socioeconomic Status” (SES) as the standard of Social Stratification, each sample’s SES is calculated and the correlative study between SES and Political Orientation finds out that these two variables are not significantly correlative. Research result proves that the mainstream of internet political discussion is from social middle class’s soft talks, “Radicalism” and “Group Polarization” phenomena though exist, but only as nonessentials. Because of this, a further thinking is being provoked: Shall the internet political discussion be blocked or unblocked? The ending part presents a possible answer to this question.
Key words:Political Netizen Political Orientation Party Differentiation Left-Right Socioeconomic Status


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