#研究分享#【黑色机器人或许会成为种族主义攻击的目标】

#研究分享#【黑色机器人或许会成为种族主义攻击的目标】根据坎特伯雷大学(UC)的最新研究,人们对深色机器人的自动偏向与对肤色较深的人有类似的自动偏向。根据研究报告,大多数目前正在销售或开发的机器人都是白色材料或具有金属外观的程式化。研究人员复制了经典的社交心理“射手偏见”实验,该实验表明,来自不同背景的人比武装黑人更快地向武装黑人射击,同时也更快速地避免向手无寸铁的黑人射击手无寸铁的白人。而机器人的多样性极度缺乏,会加剧这一状况的发生。

'Black' robots may be target for racism - study

K-2SO from blockbuster film Rogue One: A Star Wars Story
K-2SO from blockbuster film Rogue One: A Star Wars Story Photo credit: Lucasfilm/Disney

People have similar automatic biases towards darker-coloured robots as they do toward people with darker skin colour, according to new research from the University of Canterbury (UC).

The new research paper, Robots and racism, is being presented on Thursday in Chicago at an international conference on human-robot interaction.

Most robots currently being sold or developed are either stylised with white material or have a metallic appearance, according to the research paper.

The paper was an international collaboration between four universities, while the research team consisted of members with different nationalities and ethnicities.

"In this research, we examined if people automatically ascribe a race to robots such that we might say that some robots are 'white' while others are 'Asian' or 'black'," the researchers said.

Terminator
Some dark-coloured robots it's probably OK to shoot. Photo credit: Orion Pictures/MGM

Researchers conducted a replication of the classic social psychological 'shooter bias' experiment which shows that people from many backgrounds are quicker to shoot at armed black people over armed white people - while also more quickly refraining from shooting unarmed white people over unarmed black people.

"This result should be troubling for people working in social robotics given the profound lack of diversity in the robots available," UC human-robot interaction expert associate professor Christoph Bartneck said.

"This lack of racial diversity amongst social robots may be anticipated to produce all of the problematic outcomes associated with a lack of racial diversity in other fields."

We hope the research might inspire reflection on the social and historical forces that have brought what is now quite a racially diverse community of engineers to - seemingly without recognising it - design robots that are easily identified by those outside this community as being almost entirely 'white', he said.

链接:http://www.newshub.co.nz/home/world/2018/03/black-robots-may-be-target-for-racism-study.html

来源:newshub

作者:newshub


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