【美国政府希望在 2024 年后将国际空间站私有化】

【美国政府希望在 2024 年后将国际空间站私有化】国际空间站的美国资金挹注目前只保证到 2024 年,据华盛顿邮报取得的 NASA 文件,美国打算将国际空间站「私有化」,并且 NASA 已经提出经费要求(1.5 亿美元)进行相关的可行性研究。但「私有化」要怎么进行,还有许多不确定因素,在科研用途和旅游盈利等方面还需要协调。http://www.looooker.com/?p=53143

Trump administration hopes to privatize ISS after 2024

NASA

If the US government plans to stop funding the International Space Stationat the end of 2024, there's a big question: what happens next? Hand the keys over to the private sector, apparently. The Washington Post has obtained a NASA document outlining a plan to privatize the ISS as part of a Trump administration budge request. The plan would request funding (starting with $150 million in fiscal 2019) to foster "commercial entities and capabilities" that could fill the ISS' role, potentially including "certain elements or capabilities" of the station itself.

It's not certain just how the privatization would work, although the US wouldn't be in a rush to abandon the ISS. It would aim for a "smooth and uninterrupted transition" to private outfits, and would ask for plans from industry while preparing a handover plan.

This strategy could face plenty of opposition, however, and not just within the US. The ISS was created as a collaboration between multiple countries' governments, including the American government. How would the US privatize even a portion of it when other countries are involved? And while both the White House and NASA's new administrator clearly back privatization, politicians on both sides of the aisle may object to the decision as a waste of investment and a threat to the US' economic and scientific influence. Senator Ted Cruz has already rejected the notion of cancelling funding so long as there's "serious usable life ahead."

And then there's the very nature of the station. It was designed for science -- just what would private companies do with it, especially if they don't have the full run of the facility? The ISS only plays a bit part in SpaceX's interplanetary aims, for example, and American companies might not relish the thought of turning the station into an expensive space hotel. If privatization works at all, it'll likely require a clearer sense of who's interested and what they can do.

原文链接:

https://www.engadget.com/2018/02/11/trump-administration-hopes-to-privatize-iss/


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