删除、修改、装饰:青少年管理在线隐私

#研究分享#【在线隐私管理,骚年们会咨询谁?】12-17岁的青少年也知道管理线上隐私了!虽然他们声称是依靠自己的观察和知识来设置线上内容的共享功能,但其实, 他们中有70%会向他人咨询,排名前三位的是朋友、父母和兄弟姐妹,其次是老师和在线查询。他们更容易去屏蔽某些人,或删除某些评论。

#研究分享#【删除、修改、装饰:青少年管理在线隐私,比成人还要细致】青少年管理社交媒体隐私的方式有:从自己的网络中删除某些人,删除或修改某些已发布的内容,阻止某人观看空间,删除别人的某些评论,删除某个账号,装饰空间,发布假的信息以保护个人隐私等。你被你的孩子屏蔽过没?

Where Teens Seek Online Privacy Advice

Summary

Many teens ages 12-17 report that they generally draw on their own wits, observations and knowledge to manage their privacy online and on social media. Focus group interviews with teens show that for their day-to-day privacy management, many teens figure out sharing and settings on their own, eitherby walking through their choices in the app or platform when they sign up, or through their own searching and use of their preferred platform. At the same time, a nationally representative survey of teen internet users shows that, at some point, 70% of them have sought outside advice about how to manage some aspect of their privacy online. When they do seek outside help, teens most often turn to friends, parents or other close family members:

  • · 42% have talked to friends or peers
  • · 41% have talked to a parent
  • · 37% have asked a sibling or cousin

Girls are more likely than boys to have asked for help. In addition, those ages 12 and 13 are more likely than older teens to have asked for help and are more likely to have talked with their parents.

The majority of teens who use Facebook set their profile to either fully or partially private—regardless of whether or not they have sought out advice on how to manage their privacy online. However, online privacy advice seekers are more likely to limit what certain friends can see within their own friend networks, while those who have not sought out privacy advice are somewhat more likely to say that all of their friends can see the same things.

 This research was undertaken because there is ongoing concern among parents and advocates about how teenagers develop online privacy management skills and where they turn to get advice when they feel they need help. This report is the fourth in a series of reports issued in collaboration with the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard.

Main Findings

American teenagers ages 12 to 17 care about their privacy. Even as youth share increasing amounts of information online (and have information about them shared by others), they also take steps to manage what can be seen and who can access it.

This report asks the questions: Who do teens rely on when working their way through the privacy choices that confront them each time they go online? And when they reach a point where they need outside help, where do teens turn for advice about how to manage their privacy online?

These questions have great relevance for those who want to understand who or what influences teens as they make choices about what to share and what not to share online.  In order to fully understand how teens are managing their privacy online, this project collected data in two modes – first, through a nationally-representative telephone survey fielded in the summer of 2012, and second, through a series of focus group interviews with adolescents around the country.

As our focus groups show, for their day-to-day privacy management, teens generally rely on themselves to figure out the practical aspects of sharing and settings on their own. The bulk of teens are figuring out how to manage their privacy themselves, whether by being walked through their choices by the app or platform when they first sign up, or through search and use of their preferred platform. However, the national survey shows that, at some point, the majority of teens have found themselves in a situation where they needed some outside advice about how to manage their privacy online.

70% of teen internet users have asked for or sought out advice on managing
their privacy online. Teens are just as likely to reach out to their friends and
peers as they are to reach out to their parents for advice.

When they do seek advice, teens rely on a range of sources for advice about managing their privacy online, with peers and close relatives being—by a substantial margin—the most common sources to which they turn for this type of information. Among teen internet users:

  • · 42% have asked a friend or peer for advice on managing their privacy online
  • · 41% have asked a parent
  • · 37% have asked a sibling or cousin
  • · 13% have gone to a website for advice1
  • · 9% have asked a teacher
  • · 3% have gone to some other person or resource

In total, some 70% of teen internet users have asked for advice or looked for resources on how to manage their privacy online, with the remaining 30% saying that they have not specifically asked for or sought out this type of advice in the past.

Overall, younger teens (those ages 12-13) are a bit more likely to seek out privacy management advice from any source than are 14-17 year olds (77% of younger teens have done so, compared with 67% of older teens). In looking at the specific people or sources that teens of different ages turn to for this type of advice, younger teens are especially likely to seek out advice from a parent (58% vs. 33%) and from a teacher (17% vs. 5%) compared with their older peers.

Similarly, girls are a bit more likely than boys to seek out advice on managing their privacy online from any source (75% have done so, compared with 66% of boys), and are also more likely to specifically seek out such advice from siblings or cousins (42% vs. 32%) and from friends or other peers (48% vs. 36%).

Although teens of all racial and socio-economic backgrounds are equally likely to seek out or ask for advice on privacy management generally, white teens and those from high-income and high-education households, are particularly likely to turn to their parents for advice.

With some exceptions, teen “online privacy advice seekers” take similar steps to manage and maintain their online social networking profiles compared with teens who have not sought out privacy advice from others.

For the most part, the 70% of teen internet users who are online privacy advice seekers in the survey are quite similar to those who do not seek out this type of information in terms of their behaviors and actions on social networking sites. The two exceptions: the teens who seek advice are more likely than non-seekers to block other people and to delete or deactivate a profile entirely.

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文章作者:

Amanda Lenhart
Senior Researcher, Director of Teens and
Technology Initiatives, Pew Internet Project
Mary Madden
Senior Researcher, Pew Internet Project
Sandra Cortesi
Fellow, Director of the Youth and Media Project,
Berkman Center for Internet & Society
Urs Gasser
Executive Director, Berkman Center for Internet
& Society
Aaron Smith
Senior Researcher, Pew Internet Project

文章来源:Pew Research Center

文章链接:http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2013/Where-Teens-Seek-Privacy-Advice.aspx

 


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