数字时代的公民政治参与

据Pew最新研究:1.社会阶层和教育程度对人们的政治参与影响显著;2. 2008年-2012年,SNS上的政治参与度明显提高,用户发布政治新闻、关注候选人、加入政治或社会议题小组的比例大幅增长;3.多数SNS用户如在社交网站上政治参与度高,那在其他公民生活方面也表现活跃;4.虽然网络平台在政治讨论的作用越来越突出,美国人的日常政治讨论主要在线下。

【文章说明】这是Pew对人们线上线下政治参与行为的最新研究报告的主要发现。
【文章全文】

Civic Engagement in the Digital Age

OVERVIEW
Social networking sites have grown more important in recent years as a venue for political involvement, learning, and debate. Overall, 39% of all American adults took part in some sort of political activity on a social networking site during the 2012 campaign.

This means that more Americans are now politically active on social networking sites (SNS) than used them at all as recently as the 2008 election campaign. At that point, 26% of the population used a social networking site of any kind.

The growth in several specific behaviors between 2008 and 2012 illustrates the increasing importance of SNS as places where citizens can connect with political causes and issues:

In 2012, 17% of all adults posted links to political stories or articles on social networking sites, and 19% posted other types of political content. That is a six-fold increase from the 3% of adults who posted political stories or links on these sites in 2008.
In 2012, 12% of all adults followed or friended a political candidate or other political figure on a social networking site, and 12% belonged to a group on a social networking site involved in advancing a political or social issue. That is a four-fold increase from the 3% of adults who took part in these behaviors in 2008.

Summary of Findings
This study examines online and offline political engagement and pays special attention to the role of social networking sites in people’s political activities.1 There are several major findings:
 Class differences, especially those related to educational attainment, are prominent in political engagement of all kinds, whether that activity takes place offline, online, or within the specific context of social networking sites (SNS), though the trend is somewhat more moderate in SNS.
 There has been major growth in political activity on SNS between 2008 and this survey in 2012. The number of social networking site users has grown from 33% of the online population in 2008 to 69% of the online population in 2012. And there have been major jumps in the proportion of SNS users who post political news, who friend or follow candidates, and who joined an SNS group organized around political or social issues. In addition, notable shares of SNS users say their activity on the sites has prompted them to learn more about social or political issues and to take action around those issues.
 For most politically active SNS users, social networking sites are not a separate realm of political activity. They are frequently active in other aspects of civic life.
 Even as online platforms have grown more prominent in political affairs, Americans’ day-to-day political conversations mostly occur offline.

ABOUT THE SURVEY
The results in this report are based on data from telephone interviews conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International from July 16 to August 7, 2012, among a sample of 2,253 adults, age 18 and older. Telephone interviews were conducted in English and Spanish by landline (1,353) and cell phone (900, including 469 without a landline phone). For results based on the total sample, one can say with 95% confidence that the error attributable to sampling is plus or minus 2.3 percentage points. For results based Internet users (n=1,873), the margin of sampling error is plus or minus 2.5 percentage points.

【文章下载】PIP_CivicEngagementintheDigitalAge
【文章来源】Pew Internet
【文章链接】http://www.pewinternet.com/Reports/2013/Civic-Engagement.aspx


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