#研究分享#【人类是不是已经丧失了对于人工智能的控制?专家表示:机器人学习的太快了,人类跟不上】

#研究分享#【人类是不是已经丧失了对于人工智能的控制?专家表示:机器人学习的太快了,人类跟不上】在去年,科学家们创造的无人驾驶汽车就可以通过观看人类的驾驶来学习人类行为,但即便是这个人工智能的创造者也不清楚它到底是如何学习的。在另外一个研究中,电脑可以准确诊断出人得了精神分裂,而研究人员依然不知道计算机是如何做到的。

Has humanity already lost control of artificial intelligence? Scientists admit that computers are learning too quickly for humans to keep up

  • Last year, scientists made a driverless car that learned by watching humans
  • But even the creators of the car did not understand how it learned this way
  • In another study, a computer could pinpoint people with schizophrenia
  • Again, its creators were unsure how it was able to do this 

From driving cars to beating chess masters at their own game, computers are already performing incredible feats.

And artificial intelligence is quickly advancing, allowing computers to learn from experience without the need for human input.

But scientists are concerned that computers are already overtaking us in their abilities, raising the prospect that we could lose control of them altogether.

Scientists are concerned that computers are already overtaking us in their abilities, raising the prospect that we could lose control of them altogether. Pictured is the Terminator film, in which robots take over - a prospect that could soon become a reality

Scientists are concerned that computers are already overtaking us in their abilities, raising the prospect that we could lose control of them altogether. Pictured is the Terminator film, in which robots take over - a prospect that could soon become a reality

 

Last year, a driverless car took to the streets of New Jersey, which ran without any human intervention.

The car, created by Nvidia, could make its own decisions after watching how humans learned how to drive.

But despite creating the car, Nvidia admitted that it wasn't sure how the car was able to learn in this way, according to MIT Technology Review.

The car's underlying technology was 'deep learning' – a powerful tool based on the neural layout of the human brain.

Deep learning is used in a range of technologies, including tagging your friends on social media, and allowing Siri to answer questions.

 

The system is also being used by the military, which hopes to use deep learning to steer ships, destroy targets and control deadly drones.

There is also hope that deep learning could be used in medicine to diagnose rare diseases.

But if its creators lose control of the system, we're in big trouble, experts claim.

 

Speaking to MIT Technology Review, Professor Tommi Jaakkola, who works on applications of deep learning, said: 'If you had a very small neural network [deep learning algorithm], you might be able to understand it.'

'But once it becomes very large, and it has thousands of units per layer and maybe hundreds of layers, then it becomes quite un-understandable.'

This is concerning, considering deep learning could soon be used to control deadly military weapons, and cars.

In a recent study, a computer was tasked with predicting disease by analysing patient records.

Results showed that the computer was extremely accurate in diagnosing schizophrenia – but even its creators did not know why.

Dr Joel Dudley, who lead the project at New York's Mount Sinai Hospital, said: 'We can build these models, but we don't know how they work.'

In the hopes of staying in control of these powerful systems, many of the world's largest technology firms created an 'AI ethics board' in 2016.

Researchers with Alphabet, Amazon, Facebook, IBM, and Microsoft teamed up to create the new group, known as the Partnership on Artificial Intelligence to Benefit People and Society, to develop a standard of ethics for the development of AI.

链接:http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-4401836/Has-humanity-lost-control-artificial-intelligence.html

作者:SHIVALI BEST

来源:dailymail


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