#研究分享#[坚持网络中立,获取网络自由]

#研究分享#[坚持网络中立,获取网络自由]美国联邦通讯委员会主席,曾在2015年通过一系列的法案,用以确保开放互联网中的网络中立。法案禁止网络服务供应商阻滞和降速网络用户访问的合法内容。事与愿违的是网络中立法案正面临危机,上周有人要求新任主席废除该指令。因为他们认为该法令给了FCC管理互联网的权利,前任主席Wheeler说,这不过是一种能够保障人们言论自由的规定,就像第一修正案一样,是为了保障互联网的开放性。然而,虽然今天情况已经发生变化,风险在于如何维护独立的小公司如何与互联网大企业下属的小公司之间的竞争公平。例如,新通过的隐私法案就禁止互联网服务供应商把个人资料卖给未经个人允许的广告商。没有Wheeler提出的网络中立的保护政策,互联网用户利益可能更无法保障,尤其是无法保证自己能不受控制的访问喜欢的内容。http://www.looooker.com/archives/42384

 

Ex-FCC Boss: Gut Net Neutrality and You Gut Internet Freedom

Tom Wheeler, chairman of the Federal Communications Commission, during a visit of Consumer Reports headquarters in Yonkers.

Tom Wheeler, former chair of the FCC AN RONG XU/THE NEW YORK TIMES/REDUX

 

IN 2015, FORMER Federal Communications Commission chair Tom Wheeler helped pass the Open Internet Order, a sweeping set of rules designed to protect net neutrality. The order effectively bans internet service providers from blocking or slowing down any legal content you might want to access online.

Now net neutrality is in danger, and Wheeler isn’t pleased. At a Senate hearing last week, several Republican lawmakers asked the new FCC chair Ajit Pai to repeal the order, which he voted against. He assured them the FCC will revisit it soon.

Republicans’ go-to argument against the order is that it gave the FCC the authority to regulate the internet. Wheeler, who stepped down as FCC chair on Inauguration Day this year, calls the idea “ridiculous.”

“This is no more the regulation of the internet than the First Amendment is the regulation of free speech,” Wheeler told WIRED in an exclusive interview.

It’s not a perfect analogy—the order applies to the private sector, while the First Amendment enjoins government censorship. But the comparison is still apt. Just as the First Amendment guarantees a set of rights for US citizens, the Open Internet Order outlines a set of rights for internet users.

The internet consists of countless devices—from servers to smartphones—and the networks to which those devices connect. For most of the internet’s existence, anyone could set up a server and make content or services available to the entire internet without the need to strike special deals with particular internet service providers. Wheeler calls this equal opportunity “permission-less innovation.”

But those dynamics are changing. Companies like AT&T and Verizon already give special treatment to their own video services, and T-Mobile lets select providers slip past its data limits, a practice called zero rating. At stake today is the ability of smaller companies to compete with internet service providers themselves. Wheeler worries those imbalances could affect other services and devices, including the Internet of Things. (After stepping down as FCC chair, Wheeler joined the board of French Internet of Things company Actility.)

“What this [order] does do is to say, ‘These are the ground rules for the people who deliver the internet, to make sure that it remains open,'” Wheeler says.

‘This is no more the regulation of the internet than the First Amendment is the regulation of free speech.’ TOM WHEELER

Wheeler’s worries also extend beyond the potential end of net neutrality. Last October, his FCC also passed a set of privacy rules that would have banned internet service providers from selling your personal information to advertisers without your opt-in permission. Earlier this month, the now Republican-led FCC suspended the data security provisions of those rules, and last week senator Jeff Flake (R-AZ) introduced a resolution that would repeal the package entirely.

The lack of strong privacy protections online isn’t just an issue for consumers, Wheeler argues. For consumers to trust Internet of Things devices—and in turn the companies that make them to be profitable—the internet connections they rely on need to be private and secure.

Three years ago the creator of the web, Tim Berners-Lee, called for the creation of a Bill of Rights for the internet. That might never happen. But Wheeler’s net neutrality and privacy laws offer a step in that direction. Without such protections, internet users have few guarantees that the unfettered access they enjoy remains free.

 

主题:Ex-FCC Boss: Gut Net Neutrality and You Gut Internet Freedom

作者:KLINT FINLEY

来源:www.wired.com

链接:https://www.wired.com/2017/03/ex-fcc-boss-gut-net-neutrality-gut-internet-freedom/

 


发表评论

登录 后发表评论.



无觅相关文章插件