超重:被大学录取的一道障碍

【超重:被大学录取的一道障碍】被一流大学录取本身就够难的了,但美国科学家发现,申请者的体重还会影响到录取结果。来自美国博林格林州立大学的研究者发现,相比于苗条的学生,体重超重的学生被大学录取的概率更小,尤其是在面试当中尤为如此。但是,采用电话面试或没有面试环节,录取结果没有明显差别。研究者还发现,这种体重偏见在女学生中更为明显。另一方面,如果双方了解足够多,体重的影响因素就会消失,如推荐信的质量与被推荐人的体重没有明显关系,因为推荐人与被推荐的学生双方比较了解。
We really are fattist: Overweight students are less likely to be accepted to university than their thinner counterparts

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  • American scientists found that overweight students are less likely to get into university than skinnier students
  • Academics favoured thin candidates in face to face interviews - but there was no difference if interviews were held over the phone 
  • The study suggested the weight bias was stronger for female applicants

 

Winning a place at the best universities can be difficult enough - and now American scientists believe how much you weigh could influence whether you are accepted.
Researchers at Bowling State University found that overweight students, especially girls, are less likely to get into university than skinnier students.
The group of psychologists studied almost a thousand applications for postgraduate courses and found that academics favoured thin candidates in face to face interviews.
However, there was no significant difference in success rates when conversations were carried out over the phone or when credentials were assessed remotely.
Psychologist Jacob Burmeister and colleagues at the university asked 97 applicants for psychology graduate programmes at more than 950 universities in the US whether they had an interview in person or on the phone, and whether or not they received an offer.
Dr Burmeister said: 'When we looked at that we could see a clear relation between their weight and offers of admission for those applicants who had had an in person interview.
'The success rate for people who had had no interview or a phone interview was pretty much equal, but when in-person interviews were involved, there was quite a bit of difference, even when applicants started out on equal footing with their grades, test scores and letters of recommendation.'
The study, which was published in the journal Obesity, also suggested the weight bias was stronger for female applicants.

The researchers examined letters of recommendation - a common feature in the application process for winning a place at US universities - and identified positive and negative statements in them as well as the overall quality of the letters.
Dr Burmeister said:'One of the things we suspected was the quality of their letters of recommendation written by their undergrad mentors would be associated with the applicants' body weight, but it really was not.

'It may be that letter writers come to know students well and body weight no longer played a factor.'
Previous studies by British researchers have found overweight people, especially women, are less likely to be hired because employers assume they will be lazy, and when they do get a job tend to be bullied, earn less and are often overlooked for promotion.
In the poll of 200 bosses, a quarter of men said they would turn down a candidate purely on their weight and one in ten admitted they had already done so.
Dr Burmeister admitted his researchers were not surprised by their findings.
He said: 'We know these kinds of biases are pretty common and even somewhat acceptable compared to other biases and there is not much legally forbidding it.'
He said additional research is needed into other fields as well as psychology into the issue and the results could reveal an even stronger bias against people with a high body mass index.
As the study examined the issue in psychology departments at universities, the findings might be particularly shocking.
Dr Burmeister said: 'We might expect psychology faculty to be more aware of these types of biases. Thus, the level of bias found in this study could be a conservative estimate of the level of bias in the graduate admissions process in other fields.'

 

文章作者: SARAH GRIFFITHS

文章来源:dailymail

文章链接:http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2375123/Overweight-students-likely-accepted-university-thinner-counterparts.html


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