#研究分享#【酒精、毒品?不,青少年们更加迷恋互联网】

#研究分享#【酒精、毒品?不,青少年们更加迷恋互联网】根据密歇根大学研究人员主持的一项研究报告显示,由于青少年们长时间使用智能手机、平板、电视,以至于他们没有更多时间用来使用毒品和酒精。研究现实自从1991年以来,14-16岁的青少年在12个月内使用除大麻外的非法药物的比例不断下降,而同时在互联网等科技上的时间则不断增多。

Are teenagers replacing drugs and alcohol with TECHNOLOGY? Experts describe smartphones as 'digital heroin' for millennials

  • Teenagers' use of drugs, alcohol and tobacco is at their lowest since the 1990s
  • Phones give teenagers so much stimulation they're less likely to take drugs
  • Experts describe screen time as 'digital heroin' for kids as it changes their brains

We are fast becoming technology addicts - and the habit starts early.

Research suggests teenagers might be so glued to their smartphones, tablets and televisions that they no longer have time for drugs and alcohol.

The trend has been building for a decade and experts believe that technology can provide young people with a similar kick to experimenting with drugs.

Teenagers' use of drugs, alcohol and tobacco in the US has declined significantly and rates are at their lowest since the 1990s, according to results from the annual Monitoring the Future study.

Considerably fewer teens reported using any illicit drug other than marijuana in the prior 12 months - five per cent, 10 per cent and 14 per cent in 14, 15 and 16-year-olds respectively - than at any time since 1991, according to the report.

The proportion of secondary school students in the US who used any illicit drug in the prior year fell significantly between 2015 and 2016.

Anti-drug campaigns are largely deemed a failed enterprise which has led researchers to believe that phones are now giving teenagers so much stimulation they are less likely to seek out drugs and alcohol.

Nora Volkow, director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse hopes to explore the link between the decline in drugs and the rise of technology to find if there is causation - and not just correlation - between the two.

'Something is going on,' she told New York Times.

'Teens can get literally high when playing these games', she said, describing interactive media as 'an alternative reinforcer'.

Smartphones are so new to our lives researchers are just starting to understand how they are changing our brains.

Dr Nicholas Kardaras is a leading psychotherapist, addictions specialist and senior clinical consultant at the Dunes East Hampton, one of the world's top rehabilitation units.

He said: 'Screen time is "digital heroin" for children – especially those under ten.

'Some accuse me of scaremongering for comparing it to addictive substances such as tobacco and drugs. But I have treated patients with crystal meth problems and can tell you it's harder to get someone over a digital addiction. Unlike illicit drugs, screens are everywhere.

'It's not just children, though. The average age for a video game addict is 35. But children are particularly at risk from screens because the pre-frontal cortex – our personality centre – doesn't finish developing until their early 20s', he said.

A study by Indiana University asked teenagers who didn't usually play video games to play for a fortnight.

'In this short space of time, brain images before and after showed changes in the frontal cortex that mirrored substance addiction', said Dr Kardaras.

'I urge parents not to fall victim to the digital babysitter.

'I have nine-year-old twins and they are not allowed near screens like iPads. Look at Steve Jobs – he famously gave his kids a very low-tech childhood. Ask yourself why.'

 

作者:PHOEBE WESTON

来源:dailymail

链接:http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-4313278/Are-teenagers-replacing-drugs-alcohol-TECHNOLOGY.html


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