马斯克:人类必须与机器结合 否则将被人工智能淘汰

特斯拉CEO埃隆·马斯克(Elon Musk)周一在迪拜举行的“世界政府峰会”(WGS)上表示,人类需要与机器相结合,成为一种“半机械人”,从而避免在人工智能(AI)时代被淘汰。马斯克说:“我认为,随着时间的推移,我们将看到生物智能与数字智能的紧密结合。这将涉及到人脑与数字版的自己之间的通信带宽和连接速度,尤其是输出方面。”

马斯克进一步解释说,计算机能以每秒一兆位(a trillion bits/s)的速度通信,而人类(用手指点击移动设备)却只能做到每条10位(10 bits/s)的速度。如果这样,在人工智能威胁无处不在的时代,人类将变得无用,最终被淘汰。因此,人类必须要与机器相结合。

马斯克说:“将来能够连接到人类大脑的高带宽接口,将是那些能够帮助人类与机器智能实现共生的事物,并解决控制问题和有效性问题。”

马斯克之前曾表示,人工智能可能是人类生存的最大威胁。但这可能是若干年之后的事情,马斯克周一表示,短期内最直接的威胁是人工智能将如何取代人类工作。

马斯克称,在未来20年,驾驶人员的工作将被人工智能所颠覆。之后,全球12%至15%的劳动力将因为人工智能而失业。

马斯克说:“从技术的角度将,最迫切的影响将来自自动驾驶汽车。其到来的速度将远快于人们的预期,当然它将为人类提供极大的方便。但是,我们有许多的驾驶人员,我们需要为他们找到新的工作角色。”

http://www.cnbc.com/2017/02/13/elon-musk-humans-merge-machines-cyborg-artificial-intelligence-robots.html

Elon Musk: Humans must merge with machines or become irrelevant in AI age

Elon Musk says humans must merge with machines or become irrelevant in AI age

Elon Musk says humans must merge with machines or become irrelevant in AI age  

Billionaire Elon Musk is known for his futuristic ideas and his latest suggestion might just save us from being irrelevant as artificial intelligence (AI) grows more prominent.

The Tesla and SpaceX CEO said on Monday that humans need to merge with machines to become a sort of cyborg.

"Over time I think we will probably see a closer merger of biological intelligence and digital intelligence," Musk told an audience at the World Government Summit in Dubai, where he also launched Tesla in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

"It's mostly about the bandwidth, the speed of the connection between your brain and the digital version of yourself, particularly output."

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Musk explained what he meant by saying that computers can communicate at "a trillion bits per second", while humans, whose main communication method is typing with their fingers via a mobile device, can do about 10 bits per second.

In an age when AI threatens to become widespread, humans would be useless, so there's a need to merge with machines, according to Musk.

"Some high bandwidth interface to the brain will be something that helps achieve a symbiosis between human and machine intelligence and maybe solves the control problem and the usefulness problem," Musk explained.

The technologists proposal would see a new layer of a brain able to access information quickly and tap into artificial intelligence. It's not the first time Musk has spoken about the need for humans to evolve, but it's a constant theme of his talks on how society can deal with the disruptive threat of AI.

'Very quick' disruption

During his talk, Musk touched upon his fear of "deep AI" which goes beyond driverless cars to what he called "artificial general intelligence". This he described as AI that is "smarter than the smartest human on earth" and called it a "dangerous situation".

While this might be some way off, the Tesla boss said the more immediate threat is how AI, particularly autonomous cars, which his own firm is developing, will displace jobs. He said the disruption to people whose job it is to drive will take place over the next 20 years, after which 12 to 15 percent of the global workforce will be unemployed.

"The most near term impact from a technology standpoint is autonomous cars … That is going to happen much faster than people realize and it's going to be a great convenience," Musk said.

"But there are many people whose jobs are to drive. In fact I think it might be the single largest employer of people ... Driving in various forms. So we need to figure out new roles for what do those people do, but it will be very disruptive and very quick."


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