#科技头条#【科学家发现消化系统新器官:肠系膜】

#科技头条#【科学家发现消化系统新器官:肠系膜】爱尔兰利莫瑞克大学附属医院近日宣称,他们发现了人体内一个不为人知的新器官:肠系膜(Mesentery),并通过显微镜演示证实该器官为连续性器官从而颠覆了其为独立结构构成的传统观点。研究者表示,他们将继续研究该器官作用,以帮助理解消化系统疾病。

Rewriting Gray's Anatomy: Experts discover a brand new ORGAN in the human digestive system

Forget what you were told in biology class, as researchers have classified a brand-new organ inside the human body.
The mesentery was long-believed to be made up of separate structures, but a new study has shown that it is one continuous organ.
Researchers hope that the reclassification will aid better understanding and treatment of abdominal and digestive disease.
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Researchers from University Hospital Limerick in Ireland used complex microscopy to show that the mesentery was one continuous organ.
Professor J Calvin Coffey, who first discovered the organ, said: 'In the paper, which has been peer reviewed and assessed, we are now saying we have an organ in the body which hasn't been acknowledged as such to date.
'The anatomic description that had been laid down over 100 years of anatomy was incorrect. This organ is far from fragmented and complex. It is simply one continuous structure.'
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The finding has led to Gray's Anatomy – one of the most widely-used series of medical textbooks in the world – being updated to include the new organ.
The mesentery is a fold of the peritoneum which attaches the stomach, small intestine, pancreas, spleen, and other organs to the abdomen.
Before now, it had been overlooked in medicine as a fragmented structure, but the new definition could be significant for everyone.
Professor Coffey said: 'This is relevant universally as it affects all of us. Up to now there was no such field as mesenteric science.
'Now we have established anatomy and the structure. The next step is the function.
'If you understand the function you can identify abnormal function, and then you have disease. Put them all together and you have the field of mesenteric science…the basis for a whole new area of science.'
Already, medical students around the world are, from this year, learning about the mesentery as a continuous organ.
The researchers hope this will lead to a deeper understanding of abdominal disease.

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