让建筑物隐身的瓷砖:智能变色可以提供即时伪装

智能瓷砖可以使未来的家园融入周围环境来获得伪装的效果。这正是科学家们在积极研究的一种新型陶瓷砖,只需要按下一个按钮,就将智能改变颜色以适应周围的环境。除了提供外部的伪装,该瓷砖还将使房子的内部看起来像一个艺术画廊,在石器时代的小屋和白金汉宫等场景中进行灵活切换。来自意大利的研发团队甚至声称,它们将来还可以用于军事车辆上的即时伪装。

团队将这一正在进行的研发项目命名为“发光电子瓷砖”或“LUMENTILE”,将电子芯片、光源、玻璃、电子元件一并封装进了瓷砖中。每一块瓷砖将被视作是一组像素。瓷砖可通过计算机、智能电话或平板电脑进行控制。

该项目协调员,来自帕维亚大学的 Guido Giuliani 教授表示,该智能瓷砖将使用户拥有即时改变周围环境的能力,如果用户不喜欢蓝色调的浴室,可立即通过操作移动设备将其转换成绿色或是其他自己喜欢的颜色,此外还可以像壁纸一样设置自己喜欢的图像。

该智能瓷砖共分为 3 层,最底层是陶瓷基底,中间一层则是电子元件和 OLED 显示屏,最上面一层则是透明玻璃层,每块瓷砖都将自带电源。

当电源关闭时,瓷砖将显示银色、黑色或白色。Guido Giuliani 教授表示,听上去虽然有些不可思议,但瓷砖会创建一个“变色皮肤”,为建筑提供即时伪装。“虽然要将其实现还有很长的一段路要走,但将来它可以让汽车或建筑物彻底融入周围环境,从而达到‘消失’的目的。”

研究人员希望到 2020 年底能将瓷砖投入商业化生产。

http://www.digitaltrends.com/cool-tech/lumentile-digital-wallpaper/

Your walls may not be able to talk (yet), but that doesn’t mean they’re not living entities — at least insofar as their capacity to grow and evolve alongside your taste. Meet Lumentile, a new kind of wall decor that can best be described as digital wallpaper.It’s not so much paper as it is a new kind of ceramic tile — one that’s able to change color, pattern, or even play videos with a single tap of your finger. This, Lumentile’s creators believe, will radically change the way we interact with buildings or public spaces, and perhaps take us closer to instant camouflage.

The secret behind the Lumentile, or “Luminous Electronic Tile,” lies in its use of photonics technology. The 21st-century “wallpaper” combines the simplicity of a ceramic tile with sophisticated touchscreen technology, thereby creating a light source and a new way of interacting with your surroundings. Simply tap the tile to change the aesthetic or mood of any room (or wall) in your home.

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“This is the first time anyone has tried to embed electronics into ceramics or glass for a large-scale application,” the Lumentile team said. “With the ability to play videos or display images, the tiles allow the user to turn their walls into a large ‘cinema’ screen, where each unit acts as a set of pixels of the overall display.”

Lumentiles are the size of a standard, rectangular A3 piece of paper, and can be used to either completely or partially cover a surface, and can serve as much more than just decoration. For example, Lumentile can be configured to serve as smart floor panels — because of its touchscreen capabilities, it can recognize the presence of an intruder, or on the other hand, realize when an elderly user has fallen (or is no longer standing where he or she was previously).

“This is not just a digital panel to replace an animated poster like you see on the Underground network, but a whole new way of life. You are instantly in control of your own environment,” explained Lumentile project coordinator, Professor Guido Giuliani of the University of Pavia. And looking towards the future, Giuliani is excited about the possibility of helping military vehicles blend in to their surroundings.

“It may sound like the stuff of James Bond but external tiles would create a ‘chameleonic skin’, or instant camouflage. Although we are a long way off this yet, this would allow a car or building to blend completely into its surroundings, and hence ‘disappear’,” he added.

So when can we expect to see Lumentile tiles? The project is targeting 2020 for mass production, so until then, we’ll just have to make do with our old, static wallpaper and tiles.

Read more: http://www.digitaltrends.com/cool-tech/lumentile-digital-wallpaper/#ixzz4TKdlKWU0
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