移民会侵蚀社会资本吗?

#研究分享#【移民会侵蚀社会资本吗?】外来移民使社会的多样性增加,帕特南认为这会使原有社会的社会资本受到破坏。但有后续研究认为:外来移民对社会信任和政治参与等确实有负面影响,但一些制度性的安排可以系统的理顺这些关系。文化上的少数族裔越被承认和容纳的地方,负面影响就越小,反之亦然。

Does Immigration Erode Social Capital? The Conditional Effects of Immigration-Generated Diversity on Trust, Membership, and Participation across 19 Countries, 1981–2000

Abstract:

This article is an attempt to qualify existing evidence that increasing diversity is detrimental to a vibrant civil society. We focus specifically on immigration-generated diversity, and argue that while it may have negative effects on some specific civic and political outcomes in some contexts, these effects vary widely across advanced democracies. Our argument rests on analysis of a cross-national, cross-sectional time-series dataset that brings together individual level World Values Survey data with country-level variables. With these data, we track with incountry changes over time in trust and engagement. We show that immigration can have a negative effect on social trust, organizational membership and political engagement, but that institutional arrangements shape this relationship in systematic ways. In more economically equal societies and in more multicultural countries ~where cultural minorities are recognized and accommodated!, the negative effects of immigration on trust and engagement are mitigated or even reversed. We conclude that there is no general link between immigration-generated diversity and collective-mindedness. Rather, the direction and strength of the relationship depend on institutional and policy contexts.

 

文章作者:

CHRISTEL KESLER, University of Oxford

IRENE BLOEMRAAD ,University of California, Berkeley

 

文章来源:Canadian Journal of Political Science / Revue canadienne de science politique,43:2 (June/juin 2010) 319–347 doi:10.10170S0008423910000077

 

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