#科技头条#【出租车司机的末日?无人驾驶Uber月底亮相匹兹堡】

#科技头条#【出租车司机的末日?无人驾驶Uber月底亮相匹兹堡】Uber无人驾驶汽车由沃尔沃XC90运动型多用途车特别改造而成,配备了传感器、摄像头、激光雷达等以帮助定位,视野可达各方向100米之外。公司称,车内会有司机监控,但这依然让最终将被取代的Uber司机感到不安。Uber CEO Travis Kalanick表示,公司的目标是尽可能快地用机器人司机取代人类司机。

Do these self-driving Ubers spell the end of the cab driver? Taxi giant to introduce driverless cars in Pittsburgh within weeks

Ride-hailing service Uber will start hauling passengers with self-driving cars on the streets of Pittsburgh in the next several weeks.

The company says the self-driving Volvo XC90 cars will have human backup drivers to begin with, but the move will surely worry the country's 327,000 Uber drivers who will eventually be replaced by autonomous vehicles.

Uber co-founder and chief executive officer Travis Kalanick has said that the company's goal is to replace human drivers with driverless vehicles as 'quickly as possible'.

The $300million Volvo deal will provide SUVs to Uber and see vehicles outfitted with cameras, lasers and sensors to help them navigate the city's streets.

An unspecified number of autonomous Ford Fusions will also pick up passengers.

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The Volvo has 22 camera lenses, a laser on the roof and laser sensors at the corners.

Its cameras, sensors and laser can see more than 100 meters in all directions.

John Bares, who had run Carnegie Mellon University's National Robotics Engineering Center for 13 years before founding Carnegie Robotics, spent seven years researching autonomous robots and says Uber co-founder and chief executive officer Travis Kalanick approached him to help turn the fleet driverless as quickly as possible.

'Travis had an idea that he wanted to do self-driving,' says Bares in an interview with Bloomberg.

To some the plan may seem reckless but Kalanick begs to differ. 'We are going commercial,' he says in an interview with Bloomberg Businessweek. 'This can't just be about science.'

Uber has set up a self-driving research lab in Pittsburgh to work on the driverless technology.

With the growth of autonomous vehicle technology, it's easy to imagine a world where these vehicles have no need for a person behind the wheel and could therefore see the four million Americans who drive for a living needing out of work.

There are three million truck drivers in the US, 180,960 taxi drivers, 168,620 transit bus drivers and 505,560 school bus drivers.

Volvo Cars has so far delivered a handful of vehicles out of a total of 100 due by the end of the year, according to Bloomberg.

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Uber will purchase Volvos and then install its own driverless control system for the specific needs of its service.

'Autonomous driving is key. For this you need software to develop and be safe,' Volvo chief executive Hakan Samuelsson said.

Volvo will use the same vehicle for its own autonomous driving project, which is based on a plan that still envisages having a driver in the car.

Uber is also working with other automakers - and currently uses Ford Fusions in its test fleet.

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The investment will go towards researching and developing both hardware, such as sensors used to detect traffic and obstacles, as well as software for the self driving cars.

The self-driving cars that Volvo is envisioning will be like normal cars that alert the driver when autopilot mode can be activated, on freeways or in specific zones such as gated neighborhoods or industrial parks, giving the driver the option to maintain or relinquish control.

Driverless cars, also known as autonomous, self-driving or robotic can sense the environment and navigate without human input.

The vehicles use a variety of techniques such as radar, lidar - like radar but using lights from a laser, GPS, odometry, and computer vision.

It also uses systems to interpret sensory information to identify appropriate navigation paths, as well as obstacles and relevant signage.

Using self-driving vehicles means companies such as Uber would make drastic savings on their biggest cost - paying drivers - if they were able to incorporate self-driving cars into their fleet.

For the carmakers themselves, the ability of consumers to hail a cab via an app or hire a car by the hour risks putting them off buying their own vehicle.

Toyota Motor Co has said it is investing an undisclosed sum in Uber, while German rival Volkswagen has said it will back Gett, a ride-hailing company.

General Motors has already acquired a stake in Uber's rival, Lyft.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3747059/Uber-use-autonomous-cars-haul-people-weeks.html


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