斯蒂芬库里为何这么厉害?专家:反应力超群

【斯蒂芬库里为何这么厉害?专家:反应力超群】库里的出色表现源自何处呢?蒙特利尔大学的Jocelyn Faubert教授解释称,库里将自己的“神经认知效率”训练到极高水平,因而能在比赛中同时观察到多处信息并极快地做出反应。而且,库里通过观察对方防守队员细微的肢体语言而预判对方行动,抓住过人的机会。

At 6-foot-three, 190 pounds, Stephen Curry might not look like the most dominant player in basketball.

But with an impressive ability to process sensory input, the Golden State Warriors point guard can create shots, find openings and force turnovers - just by extracting more information from his vision.
Curry has hacked his nervous system for neurocognitive efficiency, which allows him to see multiple stimuli on the court and process everything at once to make quick game winning decisions.

'In a game, there are so many different variables that are thrown at you — the defense, where your teammates are, how fast your body's moving, and you have to be in control of all those decisions,' Curry said to Drake Baer of Science of Us.
'We overload in our workouts so that the game slows down in real life.'
'It helps you become a smarter basketball player.'
Curry explained that training his perceptive abilities, what his trainer Brandon Payne calls 'neurocognitive efficiency', has helped him hone in on his creativity and give him more control while on the court.
University of Montreal professor Jocelyn Faubert, an expert in athlete's vision, says Curry sets himself apart with his ability to extract more information from his vision.
A paper published in 2013 discussed Faubert's findings with pro NHL athletes and the best rugby players, which were compared to top college athletes and nonathletic students in visual learning tasks.
Using the software NeuroTracker, participants observed eight yellow balls in 3-D projection against a black background.
Half of the balls quickly flashed red, which was followed by all eight bouncing around the screen.

The researchers asked subjects to identify which four flashed red and those who answered correctly did another round at a faster speed and so on.
Once tasks were completed, Faubert and her colleagues found that the pro athletes, in both sports, were much better than the college athletes and the nonathletic students.

'What you saw was three populations, and exactly the same age,' said FauberT.
'It's a matter of, fundamentally, something different about the brain.'
For an athlete like Curry, Faubert says it is impossible to isolate 'how much his perceptual intelligence is the driver of his excellence, since all factors lead to top-level performance'.
However, there is a reasonable explanation to why.
If a player falls in with the average, in regard to strength and speed, then their perception and decision making have to be more advanced.
'You have to pick up information and use it correctly,' Faubert said.
'It's probably one of the main distinguishing factors — to process information of what [athletes] see, feel, and hear.'

In a separate study conducted by the University of Central Florida (UCF), researchers found that the better players are at visual learning, the more assists and steals they can make without committing turnovers.
Sports teams hold ball control in high regard, explained Jay Hoffman from UCF.
This greatly depends on how fast a player can 'integrate and process' numerous information sources in their environment and react in a timely fashion.
'In basketball, a player may use this ability to simultaneously monitor the movements and positions of several players … as well as the basketball, all in relation to themselves, each other, and the basket, reads the study Hoffman and his colleagues published in NCBI.

'Individuals who excel in this ability allot themselves more time to make a positive play and avoid costly mistakes,'
When it comes to Curry, he has master a defender's movements by processing their body language and transforming it into what their next move will be.
For example, if he sees the defenders nose is leaning to the left, he knows there going to be a space on the other side.
'It kind of simulates game situations where you're coming down in transition and you see a defender's left leg's higher than his right and you gotta make a move to get by him,' Curry said in an interview with ESPN.
'That happens in a split-second decision.'
A typical training session for Curry and his team mates entails FitLight Trainers, which is a system of touch-responsive, multi-coloured lights that attached to the wall of stand upright.
This tests not only visual memory, but also reaction time and focuses on 'overloading' the athlete with multiple tasks.
Faubert explains that the better you get, athlete or not, the more mental space you will free up to formulate your next move.

原文链接:http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3647211/The-secret-Stephen-Curry-s-success-Warriors-star-trained-brain-supervision-researchers-reveal.html


Comments are closed.



无觅相关文章插件