信息与传播技术与家庭关系

【信息与传播技术与家庭关系】争论不断——正面的:从时间和空间的限制中解脱出来,给家庭成员的沟通提供另一个选择,增进活动的协调,发展更多的信息网络;负面的:取代并减少家庭成员沟通的时间,对健康的负面影响,孤立且鼓励个体的行动。你的家受影响了吗?

Effects of information and communication technologies (ICT) on families 
Currently there are conflicting views regarding the influence of ICTs on family relationships, 
children, teenagers and individuals in general. On the positive side it is argued that ICTs, and more 
specifically computers and the Internet, can foster greater communication, improve access to 
education, promote global understanding and make the world a better place to live. Social 
relationships are also said to be enhanced due to a freedom from time and place constraints; and that 
time spent online may improve family relationships, due to providing an alternative modality for 
communication between family members (Gross 2004; Katz & Aspden 1997; Kraut et al. 2002; 
Livingstone, S 2003; Sook-Jung & Young-Gil 2007; Subrahmanyam et al. 2001; Van Rompaey, V, 
Roe & Struys 2002). Media’s role is typically construed as negative, for instance, it has been proposed that there is the potential for developing impoverished relationships and isolation of 
family members, because time spent with ICTs displaces time spent with family and friends 
(Kayany & Yelsma 2000; Nie & Hillygus 2002; Vandewater, Bickham & Lee 2006). Moreover, it 
has also been found that online relationships can weaken strong ties; reduce social involvement, 
family communication and face-to-face contact (Kayany & Yelsma 2000; Kraut, R et al. 1998). 
Recent research has reported that electronic media has a negative impact on children’s mental and 
somatic wellbeing (Kappos 2007). Other focuses of concern have been on electronic media’s 
potential to do harm, especially with regard to violent content and its impact on children (Anderson, 
DR & Hanson 2009); on individuals’ psychological and social wellbeing (Carpentier et al. 2008; 
Greenwood 2008); and on general health due to the sedentary nature of technology use (Gorely, 
Marshall & Biddle 2004), for instance, television viewing is regarded as a principal leisure activity 
in the family home, and as such, it has been linked with obesity (Dietz 1996).

文章名称:ICT and effects on 'togetherness' in family households
文章来源:Communications Policy and Research Forum 2009
文章作者:YVONNE   GORA 
文章链接:http://www.networkinsight.org/verve/_resources/Gora.pdf  

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本帖最后由 饼干 于 2012-8-14 16:13 编辑


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