【关掉电视的“两分钟警告”可能会使孩子脾气更糟】

【关掉电视的“两分钟警告”可能会使孩子脾气更糟】很多家长在关掉电视或电子设备前会给孩子“两分钟警告”,让孩子有心理准备。但华盛顿大学研究人员的研究表明,这并不能给孩子一个很好的远离屏幕的过度,相反会使他们的脾气更极端。而结束在一个自然的时间点或是设备电池自然耗尽反而是更好的选择。

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When it comes time to turn off the television, many parents will first give a ‘two-minute warning’ to prepare their children – but according to a new study, this is fueling more extreme tantrums.

Researchers from the University of Washington found that this common parenting tool doesn’t make the transition away from screen time smoother, as it intends.

Instead, they found that having routines, ending at a natural stopping point, or having the device’s battery die were more effective ways to disengage without causing an uproar.

The researchers at UW’s Computing for Healthy Living & Learning Lab interviewed 27 families about their media management tactics and screen time experiences for their toddler and pre-schoolers.

This then led to a diary study, in which 28 families self-reported their children’s screen time over the course of two weeks.

The team expected to find that the ‘two-minute warning’ system would help smooth out the process of turning off devices.

But, they found it had the opposite effect.

‘We were really shocked – to the point that we thought ‘well, maybe parents only give the two-minute warning right before something unpleasant or when they know a child is likely to put up resistance,’ said lead author Alexis Hiniker, a UW doctoral candidate in human-centered design and engineering.

‘So we did a lot of things to control for that but every way we sliced it, the two-minute warning made it worse.’

The team analysed the results to understand what children were watching, on what devices, and what the parents were doing at the time.

They also investigated the triggers that prompted the end of screen time, and the children’s reactions.

More than half of the time – 59 percent – the parents reported that their children had a neutral reaction, while 19 percent were positive, and 22 percent evoked a negative reaction.

‘Most of the time these transitions actually go pretty smoothly, which can be hard for parents to recognize,’ said senior author and associate professor of human-centered design and engineering, Julie Kientz.

‘If one out of five experiences is unpleasant enough that parents are always bracing themselves and worried about it, that colours their perceptions.’

It was most common (39 percent of the time) for children to put away devices in the instance of a situational change, like reaching the destination or having to leave for school.

This was followed by the child’s loss of interest, which occurred 25 percent of the time.

Other reasons included parental discretion, which occurred 15 percent of the time, previously agreed upon rules, just 9 percent of the time, and the technology reaching a natural stopping point (11 percent).

For the most part, parents used screen times to take care of chores, care for other children, or distract toddlers from something unpleasant, like a medical treatment.

‘We did not see parents using screens as electronic babysitters so they could work or do something fun,’ said Hiniker.

‘They usually pull out the iPad as a last line of defence or in a moment of desperation because the parent hasn’t showered all day.’

While the two-minute warning may not be the best method, the researchers say there could be other ways to implement it.

This could be a reminder that a different activity is set to follow, like lunch time or a playdate.

‘The kids we looked at for this particular study are right in that power struggle age,’ Kientz said.

‘It’s much easier to do that with a person than with technology. Once you take that parental withholding component out of it, kids are a lot more accepting.’

链接:http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3576139/Giving-kids-two-minute-warning-turn-TV-make-tantrums-WORSE.html


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