移动通信改变我们的社会时间和社会空间

文章探讨时间和移动之间的关系,指出移动通信承担了时间的和空间的移动。研究指出“移动时间”社会实践中时间组织的三个方面:移动设备使用的节奏,将移动设备融入日常时间组织中的节奏,以及组织日常生活和更广的社会文化变迁关系的节奏。当代生活中移动空间和时间的关系并不恒定,而要从个人的、机构的和集体的许多不同层面考虑。随着日常生活中有节奏地使用移动通信工具,一部分社会时间被重新建构,这些新的移动节奏同样融入我们熟悉的、地方定义的时间实践中。这些变化随着社会群体的不同而变化,我们理解“移动时间”的相关问题不能仅靠描述(什么变了,什么不变),而且需要定性分析——这些变化的结果是什么,为了谁而变,对谁有利?

7

On the Move: Technology, Mobility, and the Mediation of Social Time and Space

The current explosion in mobile computing and telecommunications technologies holds the potential to transform “everyday” time and space, as well as changes to the rhythms of social 
institutions. Sociologists are only just beginning to explore what the notion of “mobility” might mean when mediated through computing and communications technologies, and so far, the sociological treatment has been largely theoretical. This article seeks instead to explore how a number of dimensions of time and space are being newly reconstructed through the use of mobile communications technologies in everyday life. The article draws on long-term ethnographic research entitled “The Socio-Technical Shaping of Mobile Multimedia Personal Communications,” conducted at the University of Surrey. This research has involved ethnographic Ž fieldwork conducted in a variety of locales and with a number of groups.
This research is used here as a resource to explore how mobile communications technologies mediate time in relation to mobile spaces. First the paper offers a review and critique of some of the major sociological approaches to understanding time and space. This review entails a discussion of how social practices and institutions are maintained and/or transformed via mobile technologies.
Ethnographic data is used to explore emerging mobile temporalities. Three interconnected domains in mobile time are proposed: rhythms of mobile use, rhythms of mobile use in everyday life, and rhythms of mobility and institutional change. The article argues that while these mobile temporalities are emerging, and offer new ways of acting in and perceiving time and space, the practical construction of mobile time in everyday life remains Ž firmly connected to well-established time-based social practices, whether these be institutional (such as clock time, “work time”) or subjective (such as “family time”).

移动设备使用的节奏指与移动设备互动的时间,特别是个人和手机互动的持续时间和顺序。日常生活中移动设备使用的节奏指镶嵌在地方时事中移动设备使用的社会和文化关系。制度变化的秩序指移动设备使用的历史和基础结构,包括旅行、技术发展周期,或者建立和维持网络技术的时间。

一些移动设备鼓励短的沟通,促进更多的对话。“微观协调”,当个人进行一种移动的即时通信时,时间发生变化,可能造成对速度的主观感觉,任务紧急,和碎片沟通。用设备和其他人互动的时间,既功能性也符号性地加强地方社区的社会关系。通过设备与重要的他人互动,使得“钟表时间”没有那么重要。使用设备的行为和花在上面的时间,就这样有助于群体的社会记忆。正如Connerton(1989)记录的,细微的身体习惯加强了社会和文化记忆。花时间使用移动设备使得关系更持久进行,而不是变得“碎片化”。

文章来源:The Information Society

文章作者:Nicola Green
文章链接:http://personal.lse.ac.uk/whitle ... ialissue/time05.pdf

饼干 发表于 2013-2-15 17:07


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