传统记者VS数字记者,哪个更糟

【传统记者VS数字记者,哪个更糟?】CareerCast的一项调查结果显示年度最糟糕的工作是传统新闻记者。调查认为记者的薪水较少,缺乏稳定感,面临巨大的压力、新闻编辑室规模缩减、经费减少等。但有人认为实际并非如此。记者的市场需求量仍然存在。另一方面,相比于传统记者,数字记者,如一些著名科技博客的记者,劣势:1、面对的压力更大,可能需要夜以继日的工作。2、这项工作所需技能更高——编程、搜集和处理数据、编辑采访工作等,并兼具创业精神。优势:1、职业门槛更高,替代性较差。2、长远来看,虽然工作压力大,但是比较稳定,3、并且具有较大的增长空间——数字新闻市场仍在不断发展壮大中,用户心甘情愿为高质量的新闻付费。

Newspaper Reporter Voted Worst Job; What About Digital Reporter?

What's the worst job of the year? According to a survey conducted by CareerCast, it's a newspaper reporter. Last week the Wall Street Journal wrote about the findings, which have been causing an uproar in journalism circles.


It's no big surprise that journalism isn't synonymous with huge paychecks or stability, but worst job of the year? Worse even than being a lumberjack, the no. 2 position? The CareerCast report cites stress, shrinking newsrooms and dwindling budgets as justifications. But this rationale is nothing new, and an argument can even be made that after several years of serious instability, the industry is improving.


For the purposes of the survey, newspaper reporter means newspaper, CareerCast publisher Tony Lee told media blogger Jim Romenesko. "We do not mean a reporter who works for, say, espn.com,” Lee said. Translation: All digital jobs are exempt from the survey.


What About Digital Journalism?
So, do journalists really feel like theirs is the worst job? And what about digital journalists? Is that role any different?


"There are worse jobs than being a reporter, traditional or digital," says Mark Glaser, executive editor of PBS MediaShift, who notes that watching an episode of Dirty Jobsis a good way to dispel that idea. And when it comes to print versus digital, Glaser notes that deadlines for the web can be more demanding.


"If the 'bad' part about being a reporter is deadlines and stress as the CareerCast.com survey purports, then 'digital' reporters or bloggers at places such as Gawker or TechCrunch or BuzzFeed or Business Insider probably have to do more work posting all day and night," he said. "The only thing better about their job in digital is that they are more likely to keep their job or have skills for other job openings. 

People with digital skills will definitely be better off in the long run, but those jobs are far from stress-free."


People with digital skills will definitely be better off in the long run, but those jobs are far from stress-free."


If being a journalist is such a bad job, why is it so hard to find a job, asks Sree Sreenivasan, chief digital officer and social media professor at Columbia University, referencing a recent tweet by economist Justin Wolfers.


"These surveys are ridiculous," Sreenivasan says. On March 30, his university hosted the largest journalism job fair in the country with 135 companies and 200 recruiters attending. "Would that be the worst thing? Couldn't be."


There are real problems in journalism, he says, but notes people feel more optimistic on the digital side. And as a culture, journalists are more vocal about their feelings than most other professions, which explains both the outcry and perhaps the attention to detail they likely gave to the makers of the survey. "Whatever came in at no. 2, they're not having the panic attacks journos are," Sreenivasan said.


A few hundred miles from New York City, Jon Glass works as general manager of the collaborative media room at the Newhouse School at Syracuse University and executive producer of the TheNewsHouse.com. Glass sees the situation in a similar light to Sreenivasan.


"Journalism and even newsroom jobs are probably not the worst thing in America at the moment," Glass says, calling newsroom jobs challenging, but rewarding, and distinct from the online side.


"I don't see a newspaper reporter being the same as a digital reporter," he says, citing unique skill sets like coding, programming, producing and data journalism. The digital advantage is also entrepreneurial, he says, a double-edged blade for those not built for the inherent challenges of a lack of steady paychecks and freelance life.


"If you have the right mindset, you can steer your own ship and decide what you want to cover," he said. "Downside, you may not have the resources to get as far along."


Some Optimism in Journalism
Glass calls the mood of the industry, specifically in teaching a new crop of journalists, cautious optimism.  "That sort of cloud hanging over journalism has not disappeared completely, but once it does, that impression of life as a journalist will look a little bit rosier."


Some big voices in the marketing side are in agreement, too.


"In digital there is plenty of room for growth," says Rurik Bradbury, chief marketing officer at Unison, and the man behind the FakeJeffJarvis Twitter account. Bradbury, a media pundit in his own right, says the market is moving toward a system where people will pay for quality to feed their news addiction.


"Dominant platforms from Apple, Google and Amazon will become baked in," he says. "No need for digital reporters to lose hope."


Tell us in the comments: Do you think newspaper reporter or digital reporter are the worst jobs? Is there a difference in how you'd rank the two in this survey?

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文章作者:Adam Popescu
文章来源:mashable
文章链接:http://mashable.com/2013/04/29/worst-job-2013-reporter/


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