几种SNS效果的研究范式和视角

【几种SNS效果的研究范式和视角】1、媒介效果研究范式:分析一种媒介形式或一项新技术特性偶然性地影响社会产出。2、社会信息学视角:SNS本身不能直接对用户的心理状态、社会资本或学习能力产生影响,真正起作用的是用户交流行为和文化因素。3、信号理论:研究个体在如何通过在SNS上自我展示以构建身份并获取他人信任。4、权证理论:人们会根据SNS展示的资料去判断他人。如有研究显示个体在Facebook上的好友很有魅力,那他本人也可能很有魅力。6、发展社会身份角度:如青少年与SNS上的社会网络互动和获得反馈显示了他们在线复杂的社会身份发展和同龄人相互影响的过程。

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The Effect of Social Network Sites on Adolescents‘ Social and Academic Development:Current Theories and Controversies

Teenagers are among the most prolific users of social network sites (SNS). Emerging studies find that youth spend a considerable portion of their daily life interacting through social media. Subsequently, questions and controversies emerge about the effects SNS have on adolescent development. This review outlines the theoretical frameworks researchers have used to understand adolescents and SNS. It brings together work from disparate fields that examine the relationship between SNS and social capital, privacy, youth safety, psychological well-being, and educational achievement. These research strands speak to high-profile concerns and controversies that surround youth participation in these online communities, and offer ripe areas for future research.

文章作者:June Ahn
University of Maryland, College Park, College of Information Studies & College of Education
文章来源:JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR INFORMATION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 62(8):1435-1445, 2011


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