互联网的两个担忧

#互联网监管专题#【互联网的两个担忧】互联网隐私侵犯可能是即时的,也可能是潜在的,因为在线活动可以被未授权的政党监控,也可以被保存下来做备案。另一个担忧是“隐私鸿沟”的出现,比较贫穷的消费者为了获得免费的互联网服务而不得不牺牲自己的隐私,但另一方面,较为富有的消费者却可以通过支付费用以更好的保护自己的隐私。
#互联网监管专题#【互联网隐私担忧的人口学特征】总的来看,不论何种人群在便利性和隐私保护的选择中都会倾向于选择后者。但具体来看,美国居民中,对互联网隐私担忧率最高的群体是土著居民,之后依次是拉丁美洲裔和西班牙裔、黑人、白人和亚裔。学历越高的人越有可能担忧在线隐私受到侵犯;收入越高的人对互联网安全性的担忧则越低;较之男性,女性对在线隐私更为看重。

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Analysis of Internet Users' Level of Online Privacy Concerns

Abstract
As the Internet permeates almost every aspect of our daily lives, some argue that the benefits of its use
are diminished by threats to personal privacy. Privacy concern is a desire to keep personal information
out of the hands of others. Online privacy is becoming an increasingly important policy issue as con-
sumer groups rally to protect what they perceive to be basic privacy rights whereas others argue for
freedom of information. This article presents an overview of the literahme on privacy shidies and exam-
roes survey results relating to Internet users' demographic characteristics using data from 1998 online
Internet surveys conducted at the Graphics, Visualization, and Usability Center at the Georgia Institute
of Technology. Results indicate that there are small differences among degrees of Internet privacy con-
terns across groups divided by sex, education level, income level, and race, with all groups preferring
privacy to convenience.


Key words:   privacy, Internet demographics, survey data

文章来源:Social Science Computer Review 2001 19: 17
http://ssc.sagepub.com/content/19/1 /17
文章作者:Dara O'Neil
Georgia Institute of Technology


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