中国文化特点对ICT使用的影响

【中国文化特点对ICT使用的影响】
1、中国人的传统观念对ICTs使用的影响:中国人眼中,“序”的层面,手机另一头的不在场的他人远比身边的人更重要;这种“别”赋予不在场的他人最高的优先权,而这正是“情”最主要的体现。中国人愿意把自己的私人生活暴露在公共空间里,而西方人则会对这种私人生活的公开展示感到不自在。
2、对于ICTs的态度不仅由电子设备自身特点决定,也由使用者本身的背景决定。对于年轻的农民工,手机给他们提供了维持关系,拓展人脉,加强联系和提升社会竞争力的工具。学生和白领并不认为手机能保持自己的面子,因为他们有其他的方式来显示自己的身份。如大多数学生和白领有电脑等其他上网设备。

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ICT Use with Chinese Characteristics
Introduction
Today, the importance of Chinese use of ICTs-especially mobile phone and Internet use-is incontestable. By year-end of 2010, the number of mobile phone users in the People's Republic of China (hereinafter China) had reached 859 million. According to the annual report of Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) on 2010 nationwide statistics on information industry, China now has the largest number of mobile phone users in one country, but this still only represents a penetration rate of 64.4/100, implying that there is ample room for market expansion. As for Internet users, by year-end of 2010, the number had reached 457 million, of which 450 million were using broadband; yet, the penetra-
tion rate was talking about 34.3% only (MIIT 2011).
Whereas a commercial orientation would emphasize available room for further market expansion, from a sociological standpoint, interest lies in discovering what exactly did happen to this large group of Chinese ICT users when they experienced this exposure in such a short time span alongside the sort of compressed modernity (a term that will be further elaborated below) that the whole country has been undergoing. In relation to this, how much can the ICT experience, which has been well documented in Western literature, help us to understand the Chinese users? For instance, a standard assumption of ICT studies is that information technologies have led to even greater individualization and have enabled human beings to achieve even greater privacy (Kopomaa 2000; Licoppe and Heurtin 2002; Puro 2002; De Gournay 2002;Fortunati 2002). Now, what does "individuality" mean in China, or, for that matter, to the Chinese? How, for example, is the public/private divide perceived? Of no less importance, how do we account for the enormous scale and the rapid pace of penetration of ICTs in the course of a decade? By posing these questions, we are not implying that Chinese ICT users are entirely unlike users in the rest of the world. Rather, we are investigating whether there are unique effects due to Chinese cultural traits aid the speed of diffusion of ICTs in China, effects that it will be costly to downplay. We wish to determine how the social values and behavioral norms of the Chinese influence the cyber aspects of life. We also want to gauge the impact of the rapid spread of ICTs, given this sociocultural context. Based on some general captures of fieldwork data undertaken since 2003 in Guangzhou and Beijing, this chapter tries, in a modest manner, to provide an examination on the relationship between society and technology in the Chinese cultural context and see how self, privacy, and mianzi (face) are perceived through ICT use in cyberspace. In addition, it also suggests how Chinese cultural traits and the speed of the ICT evolution in China may combine to bring about a unique cyber experience. This analysis may be helpful to other scholars who wish to compare the impact of ICTs in various cultures or who are interested in discovering how Mainland China is going cyber.

文章来源(新书推介):New Connectivities in China Virtual, Actual and Local Interactions
http://www.google.com.hk/books?id=dI0VdDBxjWwC&lr=&hl=zh-CN
文章作者:Wai-chi Rodney Chu and Yinni Peng


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