享受互联网的便利和保护隐私之间的矛盾

自1991年互联网商用以来,人们越来越享受到互联网带来的便利,却也承担了更大的丧失被侵犯隐私的危险,网上购物、网上投简历、社交网站、政府网站、我们的浏览记录。。。我们在一个又一个网站上留在了自己的信息,也使得我们隐私保护更加困难,这需要法律和技术的进步才能解决这个悖论。

Undoubtedly, the government, business houses and employers have a legitimate need to collect data and tomonitor people, but their practices often threaten an individual’s privacy. Since a vast amount of data canbe collected on the Internet, and due to its global ramifications, the FTC had identified ‘core’ principles ofprivacy which are widely accepted by leading countries. With the European Directive in force from 1998,trust seals’ and ‘government regulations’ are the two leading forces pushing for more privacy disclosures.The need for companies to develop and put into place good privacy policies and/or statements has becomemore crucial than ever.

Privacy legislation prevalent in the US, the EU, Canada, Japan and Australia is summarized in this
article. Privacy laws vary throughout the globe but, unfortunately, the topic has turned out to be the subjectof legal contention between the EU and the US. Among the companies given high marks by privacy advocatesfor making data protection a priority are Dell, IBM, Intel, Microsoft, Procter & Gamble, Time Warmer and Verizon.

Currently, the only way consumers can stop the collection of their personal data is to ‘opt-out’ or configurethe browser to reject ‘cookies’. We have briefly examined various methods (like Carnivore program, W3CPlatform for Privacy Preferences (P3P), Encryption, etc.) used by the corporate world. Today, more advancedtechnological safeguards are needed. For corporations that collect and use personal information, ignoringprivacy legislative and regulatory warning signs can prove to be a costly mistake.

文章名称:Guarding Privacy on the Internet
文章作者:Madan Lal Bhasin
文章来源:Global Business Review 2006 7: 137
文章下载:Guarding Privacy on the Internet


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