#研究分享#【最受机器人威胁的职业榜单】

#研究分享#【最受机器人威胁的职业榜单】牛津大学和德勤公司进行的研究表明,英国25%的现有工作都存在20年内被计算机科技取代的风险。最有可能受到机器人威胁的前十大职业依次是电话销售员、打字员、法律秘书 、理财经理、过磅员、测试员、销售助理、图书保管员、财经人士。社工、护士、心理咨询师、艺术家等需情感关怀或艺术创作的职业受的威胁小。

Will a robot take your job?

From the section Technology

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Type your job title into the search box below to find out the likelihood that it could be automated within the next two decades.
About 35% of current jobs in the UK are at high risk of computerisation over the following 20 years, according to a study by researchers at Oxford University and Deloitte.

What makes a job susceptible to automation?

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Certain aspects of a job are simpler to automate than others.

Social workers, nurses, therapists and psychologists are among the least likely occupations to be taken over as assisting and caring for others, which involves empathy, is a crucial part of the job.

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Roles requiring employees to think on their feet and come up with creative and original ideas, for example artists, designers or engineers, hold a significant advantage in the face of automation.

Additionally, occupations involving tasks that require a high degree of social intelligence and negotiating skills, like managerial positions, are considerably less at risk from machines according to the study.

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Your job is safer if you negotiate, help others or come up with original ideas.
In contrast, while certain sales jobs like telemarketers and bank clerks may involve interactive tasks they do not necessarily need a high degree of social intelligence, leaving them exposed to automation.

As more advanced industrial robots gain improved senses and the ability to make more coordinated finger and hand movements to manipulate and assemble objects, they will be able to perform a wider range of increasingly complex manual tasks.

However, manipulation in unstructured environments — like the tasks that must be performed by a house cleaner — are still beyond the scope of automation for the foreseeable future.

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Sophisticated algorithms are challenging a number of office and administrative support roles, particularly in legal and financial services.

Machines are already beginning to take on a number of tasks carried out by legal professionals by scanning thousands of documents to assist in pre-trial research.

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Sources
'The Future of Employment: How susceptible are jobs to automation'. Data supplied by Michael Osborne and Carl Frey, from Oxford University's Martin School. Figures on UK job numbers and average wages from the Office for National Statistics and Deloitte UK.
Methodology
Oxford University academics Michael Osborne and Carl Frey calculated how susceptible to automation each job is based on nine key skills required to perform it; social perceptiveness, negotiation, persuasion, assisting and caring for others, originality, fine arts, finger dexterity, manual dexterity and the need to work in a cramped work space.
The research was originally carried out using detailed job data from the United States O*NET employment database. The analysis for UK jobs was made by adapting the findings to corresponding occupations in the UK based on Office for National Statistics job classifications. For the purpose of the UK study, some US occupations were merged. In these cases, the probabilities were calculated as weighted averages of the probabilities of automation for each US occupation within the group.
Some job names have been edited for clarity. Where average salary has been mentioned, the median has been used. Figures are not available for occupations in the military, or for politicians.
*Where two jobs have the same figure for their risk of automation but are ranked differently this is because the data goes to more than one decimal place.

标题:Will a robot take your job?

来源:BBC

链接:http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-34066941


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