【美国一大学斥巨资寻找世界上最好的人】

美国维克森林大学的研究人员们最近获得了390万美元的自助,他们要在一项为期三年的研究中找出他们能找到的、其周围人公认的最正直之人。研究人员们称这样的人为“道德的超级巨星”,他们将教会我们剩下的人如何成为一个好人。

http://nymag.com/scienceofus/2015/09/scientists-want-to-study-the-worlds-best-humans.html

These Scientists Just Got a $4 Million Grant to Study the World’s Nicest Humans

Portrait of happy young woman.

We spend a lot of time and energy worrying about the worst of humanity, and for good reason — the liars, the crooks, and the sociopaths cause terrible problems, both to individual lives and society at large. But what about the other end of the moral spectrum: the people who are consistently and exceptionallygood? Researchers at Wake Forest University recently won a $3.9 million grant intended to fund a three-year research initiative studying the most morally upright people they can find, nominated by the people who know them. They hope that these "moral superstars," as the researchers dubbed them, will provide some lessons for the rest of us on how to be good.

Will Fleeson, a Wake Forest psychologist who is leading the project, hopes to include both people who act in small, everyday ways for the good of their community, and people who make huge and costly sacrifices, like anonymous kidney donors. "These are everyday people," Fleeson said. "They don't get celebrations; they often never even meet the person they're helping. They're never directly thanked."

But then there are the obvious questions: Whose definition of morality are we using here? And is it more moral to resist temptations — or does the truly morally superior person never feel tempted in the first place? For Fleeson, the complexity of questions like these makes the whole thing feel even more exciting. "We're going to start with a common-sense definition of morality — compassionate, fair, generous, honest," Fleeson said. "But even on that, people can differ. What's compassionate? What's fair? Even on our team we have different opinions about morality — we have both liberals and conservatives on our team."


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