【这个机器人是国际空间站宇航员的老师!】

【这个机器人是国际空间站宇航员的老师!】法国里昂第一大学的科学家们研发了一种有着自传式记忆的机器人Nao,通过实操讲解、视觉模仿和声音控制可以将人类所教的知识教给其他人。国际空间站中宇航员每半年更替一次,但Nao是国际空间站的唯一的永久成员,它可以将重要知识教给接替的宇航员。
Humanoid Robot May Teach Astronauts on the International Space Station

 

Peter Ford Dominey et le robot Nao, étude de la cognition robotique développementale. Au lieu d'employer des plans préétablis pré-instruits, le robot peut apprendre en temps réel par interaction directe avec un humain. Ce système cognitif a été développé au laboratoire "Réseau cortical et intégration cognitive", dirigé par Peter Ford Dominey. Unité 846 "Institut cellule souche et cerveau", Bron.

Catherine Griffin
First Posted: Sep 07, 2015 03:54 PM EDT

An adorable robot may be becoming a bit more useful on the International Space Station (ISS). (Photo : ©Inserm/Patrice Latron)
An adorable robot may be becoming a bit more useful on the International Space Station (ISS). The robot Nao, which is the only permanent members on the ISS, may be given an "autobiographical memory," which allows it to pass on knowledge learned from humans to other, less knowledgeable humans.
Human culture largely stems from knowledge acquired through society's shared experience. Cultural transmission enables new members of society to quickly learn from this accumulated experience. In order for a robot to understand cooperative behavior, researchers developed a system which involves a human teaching the Nao robot new actions through physical demonstration, visual imitation or voice command. These actions can then be stored in the robot's memory and transmitted to other humans.

To test the robot, the researchers imagined a scenario where an electronic card was damaged. Nao played the role of the scientist's assistant by following his directions, bringing or holding parts of the card during repair. If this same failure happens again, the robot can then show someone else how to repair the card and help with it.

The results demonstrate the feasibility of the system. Not only that, but they show how this robot could be a huge part of a potential solution for the transfer of knowledge. Because the ISS crew changes out every few months, this robot could represent a way to transfer information to other crews.

http://www.scienceworldreport.com/articles/29735/20150907/humanoid-robot-teach-astronauts-international-space-station-video.htm

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Paris, 3 September 2015
A humanoid robot to liaise between space station crews

Robot Nao, étude de la cognition robotique développementale. Au lieu d'employer des plans préétablis pré-instruits, le robot peut apprendre en temps réel par interaction directe avec un humain. Ce système cognitif a été développé au laboratoire "Réseau cortical et intégration cognitive", dirigé par Peter Ford Dominey. Unité 846 "Institut cellule souche et cerveau", Bron.

Robot Nao, étude de la cognition robotique développementale. Au lieu d'employer des plans préétablis pré-instruits, le robot peut apprendre en temps réel par interaction directe avec un humain. Ce système cognitif a été développé au laboratoire "Réseau cortical et intégration cognitive", dirigé par Peter Ford Dominey. Unité 846 "Institut cellule souche et cerveau", Bron.

A team of French researchers from the Institut cellule souche et cerveau (Inserm/Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1), led by CNRS senior researcher Peter Ford Dominey, has developed “an autobiographical memory”1 for the robot Nao, which enables it to pass on knowledge learnt from humans to other, less knowledgable humans. This technological progress could notably be used for operations on the International Space Station, where the robot, which is the only permanent member, would liaise between the different crews that change every six months in order to pass on information. These results will be presented at the 24th International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication, on September 3, 2015 in Kobe, Japan.
Human culture stems from knowledge acquired through society's shared experience. Cultural transmission enables new members of society to quickly learn from this accumulated experience. In order for a robot to understand cooperative behavior, which is necessary for the cultural transmission of knowledge, researchers developed a system whereby a human agent can teach the Nao humanoid new actions through physical demonstration (by putting the robot's members in the correct position), visual imitation (through the Kinect system), or voice command. These individual actions are then combined into procedures and stored in the robot's autobiographical memory developed by researchers, thus enabling the robot to reproduce them for other human agents if needed.

Researchers set up this autobiographical memory system to meet the challenge of cooperation between humans and robots, which is becoming more and more of a reality in the field of space operations, with the humanoid Robonaut 22 now permanently flying aboard the International Space Station.
To test their system, the scientists imagined a scenario that could occur on the International Space Station. The transmission of information on board is essential, since crews change every six months. In this scenario, an electronic card is damaged. Nao plays the role of the scientist's assistant by following his directions, bringing or holding parts of the card during repair. If this same failure happens again, the memory of this event will enable the robot to use a video system to show the repair that was made to a new member of the crew. It could also respond to questions regarding the previous event, while helping with the new repair. If a slightly different failure takes place, the robot could share its expertise on failures of this type, while recording the steps needed to resolve this new problem and then transferring them to the scientists in the next crew.

These results demonstrate the feasibility of this system, and show that such humanoid robots represent a potential solution for the accumulation and transfer of knowledge. Researchers are now hoping to test their Nao robot in the real conditions of space operations, with zero gravity. They would also like to develop another area of application, assisting the elderly, with the robot this time playing the role of a personal memory aid.

 

http://www2.cnrs.fr/en/2615.htm

 


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